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Flashcards in Neuro - The Neurologic Examination Deck (28)
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1

What are the goals to a neurologic examination?

To determine if an animal has a neurologic problem To determine where the problem is located in the nervous system To communicate appropriate disease conditions resulting in the clinical abnormalities

2

What needs to be evaluated during a neurologic examination?

Appearance and posture, movement, and awareness (i.e mental acuity)

3

What are the different classifications of posture associated with neurologic disease?

extended or flexed

4

What does an extended posture indicate?

the neurologic process is located in the central nervous system or the muscle

5

What does flexed limb postures (non-weight bearing) indicate?

Pain - is it neurologic or musculoskeletal

6

What does a head tilt indicate?

there is a vestibular problem

7

What does a head turn indicate?

There is a supratentorial problem

8

What is cranial nerve I associated with?

smell

9

What is cranial nerve II associated with?

vision

10

What is cranial nerve III associated with?

eye position/movement/pupil constriction

11

What is cranial nerve IV associated with?

eye position/movement

12

What is cranial nerve V associated with?

Sensation in/around the head/face and muscles of mastication

13

What is cranial nerve VI associated with?

eye position/movement

14

What is cranial nerve VII associated with?

muscles of facial expression

15

What is cranial nerve VIII associated with?

balance, head proprioception

16

What is cranial nerve IX associated with?

Swallowing/salivation

17

What is cranial nerve X associated with?

swallowing/salivation, autonomic

18

What is cranial nerve XI associated with?

lateral cervical muscles

19

What is cranial nerve XII associated with?

tongue

20

What is anisocoria?

unequal pupil size

21

What is strabismus?

abnormal eye position

22

What cranial nerves is strabismus associated with?

CN 3, 4, and 6

23

What cranial nerve can a corneal ulcer be associated with?

CN 5

24

What cranial nerve is facial paralysis associated with?

CN 7

25

What CN does the palpebral reflex test?

The sensory function of CN V and the motor function of CN VII

26

If you notice that there is some abnormal tone to a patients tongue, which CN is affected?

CN XII

27

Over-movements (i.e. exaggerations) are typically associated with lesions where?

the central nervous system

28

Under-movements are typically associated with an issue where?

Its either a pain problem or a weakness indicating lower motor neuron disease

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