Neuro - Spinal Cord Diseases Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Neuro - Spinal Cord Diseases Deck (62)
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1

What clinical signs are associated with limb dysfunction?

ataxia, hypermetria, paresis, and plegia

2

What are our top differentials for spinal diseases?

Intervertebral disease, trauma (external), neoplasia, myelitis/meningitis, vascular, diskospondylitis/osteomyelitis, and syringmyelia

3

What are the key diagnostics for spinal diseases?

Radiographs, advanced imaging (MR), and CSF analysis

4

What is the most common spinal disease in dogs and cats?

intervertebral disk disease

5

Does intervertebral disease focus on a specific portion of the spinal cord?

no - it can affect any region of the spinal cord

6

Is intervertebral disk disease typically painful?

It can be painful or nonpainful

7

What are the two forms of intervertebral disk disease?

type I - chondroid metaplasia and type II - fibroid metaplasia

8

Chondroid metaplasia is an acute/chronic process that is associated with extrusions/protrusions.

acute, extrusions

9

Fibroid metaplasia is an acute/chronic process that is associated with extrusions/protrusions.

chronic, protrusions

10

What is degenerative myelopathy?

progressive degeneration of the spinal cord

11

What breeds have a higher incidence of degenerative myelopathy?

German Shepherds, Boxers, and Corgis

12

Where do clinical signs of degenerative myelopathy originate?

in the pelvic limbs

13

True or false: Degenerative myelopathy is a non-painful degenerative disease.

TRUE

14

How will degenerative myelopathy look on MR?

normal

15

What will the CSF of patients with degenerative myelopathy show?

it will be normal - it may show increased protein

16

What is often an incidental finding on radiographs of patients with degenerative myelopathy?

spondylosis deformans

17

In patients with fibrocartilaginous emboli, what are clinical signs often associated with?

exercise

18

Is fibrocartilaginous emboli a painful or nonpainful spinous disease?

non-painful

19

Are clinical signs associated with fibrocartilaginous emboli symmetric or asymmetric?

asymmetric

20

What other spinous disease process is fibrocartilaginous emboli clinically indistinguishable from?

traumatic disk disease

21

What are extradural neoplasias?

They are tumors of structures surrounding the spinal cord

22

What are intradural/extramedullary neoplasias?

neoplasias involving the meninges

23

What are intramedullary neoplasias?

neoplasias that arise from within the spinal cord tissues

24

True or False: Clinical signs associated with spinal cord neoplasias can be acute in onset.

true

25

What is myelitis?

inflammation of the spinal cord

26

What is meningitis of the spinal cord?

inflammation of the spinal cord and the meninges

27

Describe how the clinical signs are in patients with myelitis.

They may be diffuse and are often associated with pain

28

Myelitis can be infectious or non-infectious. What can cause infectious myelitis in dogs?

distemper or toxo

29

Myelitis can be infectious or non-infectious. What can cause infectious myelitis in cats?

toxo or FIP

30

Where do you want to collect CSF in myelitis suspect cases?

caudal to where the main problem is - safer

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