Infectious Dz - Vaccines Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Infectious Dz - Vaccines Deck (33)
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1

What is the goal of the American Association of Feline Practitioners (AAFP) vaccination guidelines?

to reduce total vaccination over the lifetime of the cat

2

What is the role of the American Animal Hospital Association (AAHA) Guidelines in veterinary medicine?

To provide a standard of professional practice but acknowledge that veterinarians have latitude to deviate depending on individual situation

3

What are AAHA's recommended core canine vaccines?

Canine distemper virus, Canine parvovirus type 2, Canine adenovirus type 2, and rabies

4

When should the distemper/parvo/adenovirus start in dogs and what is the protocol?

Initial puppy series starts after 6 weeks of age and is boostered every 3-4 weeks. They need at least 2 vaccinations after 12 weeks of age

5

When should the distemper/parvo/adenovirus vaccination in dogs be boostered?

No later than 1 year after completion of the puppy series and revaccinate every 3 years thereafter

6

When should the rabies vaccination be given in dogs? Boostered?

1 dose given at 12 weeks or greater in age
Booster 365 days or less with a 3 year licensed product

7

Non-core vaccination use should be based on what?

Risk assessment - lifestyle, geography, risk of exposure, and life-stage

8

What are the non-core vaccinations for the dog?

Canine parainfluenza virus, Bordatella, Leptospira, Borrelia burgdorferi, Canine influenza vaccine (H3N8 and H3N2), Crotalus atrox toxoid, canine oral melanoma, canine corona virus, and measles

9

What does the Crotalus atrox toxoid protect against?

The Western diamondback rattlesnake

10

When is the canine oral melanoma vaccine used?

as a treatment, not as a preventative

11

What non-core canine vaccination is currently not recommended?

The canine corona virus

12

What is the measles vaccination made out of?

the human measles virus

13

When can the measles vaccination be given in dogs?

As young as 6 weeks, but heterotypic immunity may not last past 16 weeks
given IM

14

What non-core vaccinations are commonly used in the primary care section at ISU?

Leptospira (considered a core vaccine), Bordetella, and Lyme

15

When can the Lepto vaccination be given? Boostered?

It can be given after 12 weeks of age, boostered 2-4 weeks later, and then annually

16

When can the Bordetella vaccination be given? Boostered?

The PO/buccal vaccination can be given as a single dose after 8 weeks of age, and then boostered annually
SC route after 8 weeks of age, boostered in 2-4 weeks, and then annually

17

When can the Lyme vaccination be given? Boostered?

First dose after 12 weeks of age, booster at 2-4 weeks, and then annually
Use in endemic areas

18

What are the core feline vaccinations according to the AAFP?

Feline panleukopenia virus, feline herpesvirus-1, feline calicivirus, and feline leukemia virus

19

Is the rabies vaccination a core vaccine in AAFP?

No, but state and local regulations may require it

20

What age group is the FeLV vaccination only considered a core vaccine for?

kittens

21

What is the protocol for the panleukopenia, herpesvirus-1, and calicivirus vaccination?

Begin the kitten series after 8 weeks of age, booster every 3-4 weeks. They need at least 2 vaccinations after 12 weeks of age.
If using the inactivated or attenuated version, booster at 6 months (new recommendation). If using the intranasal vaccination, booster at 12 months
Revaccinate every 3 years thereafter

22

If you plan on boarding your cat and it has been greater than 2 years since the last panleukopenia/herpes/calicivirus vaccination, when should you booster for it?

7-10 days prior to boarding

23

What is the protocol for the FeLV vaccination?

Can start at 8 weeks of age. Give 2 doses 3-4 weeks apart. Booster with single dose 1 year following the series. Continued annual use is based on risk assessment

24

What is the protocol for the rabies vaccination in cats?

Give a single dose at >12 weeks of age and boost within a year. Then every 3 years.
Keep local requirements in mind

25

What are the non-core feline vaccinations?

FIV, Chlamydophilia felis, Bordatella, FIP

26

What non-core feline vaccinations are not currently available?

FIV and FIP

27

If there was an FIV vaccination, when would it be used?

In situations of cats living with known FIV-infected cats or high-risk lifestyle
3 dose series starting at 8 weeks and then annual boosters

28

When would the Chlamydophilia felis vaccination be indicate?

In multiple cat environments where clinical disease has been confirmed

29

What side effects are associated with the Chlamydophilia felis vaccination?

Frequent anorexia, pyrexia, lethargy, and limb soreness 1-3 weeks post-vaccination

30

When would the Bordatella bronchiseptica vaccination be indicated?

In multi-cat environments with confirmed clinical disease or homes with dogs that have confirmed infections

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