Cardio - Systemic Hypertension Flashcards Preview

Small Animal Medicine > Cardio - Systemic Hypertension > Flashcards

Flashcards in Cardio - Systemic Hypertension Deck (61)
Loading flashcards...
1

How is BP measured?

Directly (intra-arterial) or indirectly (doppler/oscillometric)

2

What BP measurement is more accurate for smaller patients?

Doppler

3

Where should BP be measured in cats?

tail base

4

Where should BP be measured in dogs?

non-dependent limbs

5

How big should the BP cuff be in dogs vs. cats?

Dogs = 40% of circumference

Cats = 30-40% of circumference

6

What causes SHT in humans?

95% primary

7

What type of SHT do dogs and cats have?

secondary (esp. animals > 10 yo)

8

What diseases cmmonly have secondary SHT in dogs?

Hyperadrenocorticism, CKD

9

What diseases commonly have secondary SHT in cats?

hyperthyroidism, CKD

10

Heart disease _____ cause SHT, but SHT can _____ or _____ heart disease.

does not, cause, worsen

11

What organs are more prone to SHT?

Kidney, eye, brain, heart, blood vessels

12

What damage does SHT have on the kidneys?

Progression of CKD, proteinuria

13

What damage does SHT have on the eye?

Retinal hemorrhage and detachment

14

What damage does SHT have on the brain?

Hemorrhagic stroke

15

What damage does SHT have on the heart?

LV hypertrophy

16

What damage does SHT have on blood vessels?

hemorrhage

17

What clinical signs are associated with SHT and the kidney?

PU/PD

18

What clinical signs are associated with SHT and the eye?

acute blindness

19

What clinical signs are associated with SHT and the brain?

Forebrain signs, seizures

20

What clinical signs are associated with SHT and the heart?

heart murmur, S4 gallop, CHF

21

What clinical signs are associated with SHT and blood vessels?

Epistaxis

22

What diagnostic tests can be run when SHT is suspected to involve the kidney?

BUN/crea, U/A, UP:C

23

What diagnostic tests can be run when SHT is suspected to involve the eye?

fundic exam

24

What diagnostic tests can be run when SHT is suspected to involve the brain?

neuro exam, MRI

25

What diagnostic tests can be run when SHT is suspected to involve the heart?

Echo

26

What diagnostic tests can be run when SHT is suspected to involve the blood vessels?

PE

27

What is normal BP (systolic)?

120-130 mmHg

28

What happens in "white coat" effect?

Situational hypertension, no official cutoff for high BP in a very stressed patient

29

What is abnormal BP (systolic) AKA SHT?

>140 mmHg

30

What BP range is considered pre-hypertensive?

What is the risk of future target organ damage?

140-159; mild

Decks in Small Animal Medicine Class (100):