24: Britain By 1957 Flashcards Preview

history > 24: Britain By 1957 > Flashcards

Flashcards in 24: Britain By 1957 Deck (41)
Loading flashcards...
1

Public attitudes to immigration: what were they like at Queen Elizabeth’s coronation in 1953

There was evident enthusiasm for the commonwealth ideal

2

What did the new commonwealth immigrants follow in the wake of

West Indian migrants who arrived on the empire windrush of 1948

3

Which act were commonwealth immigrants encouraged to come to Britain under

The British nationality act

4

How many immigrants arriv d in Britain from West Indies and other parts of commonwealth

250,000

5

How many commonwealth immigrants had settled in Britain by end of 1957

210.000

6

Where were most immigrants from

West Indies

7

Immigrants from which countries were beginning to rise

India and Pakistan

8

Pull factors: Britain as mother country

Most immigrants would’ve learned about Britain at school and many would’ve had an unrealistic as a place to live and work in

9

Pull factors: economic growth

Many jobs available

British hotels and restaurants association, London transport, British railways and NHS Took advantage of cheap labour

10

Push factors: economy in home countries

Encouraged migration

11

Push factors: USA

Restrictions on immigration to the USA meant britain was now first choice for those who wished to improve their lives

12

What was the general feeling towards immigration for some

Tolerance and getting along

13

What were there many unpleasant instances of towards racism

Outright racism from host communities and resentment against immigrants

14

Compaints against immigrants: use of NHS and dole

When they hadn’t made social service contributions

15

Compaints against immigrants: the fact that they were prepared to work longer hours for less money, encouraging employers to

Keep wages low

16

Compaints against immigrants: bringing in

Crime

17

Compaints against immigrants: unwillingness to mix with

Local communities

18

How did where immigrants settled make situation worse

Settled in certain towns and cities

19

Why did immigrants tend to stay in a limited number of areas within these cities

Discrimination against non whites by landlords

20

How did immigrants face discrimination in the Work place

Businesses such as Ford Dagenham, vickers, Tate and Lyle enforced a quota system that allowed only 5% jobs to go to non white peipme

Known as colour bar

21

Why did lord Salisbury argue to ignore complaints made to them by immigrants

If gov took action against racism and discrimination it would make britiain even more desirable to immigrants

22

Why did authorities regard immigration as economically desirable

Filled low wage jobs

23

Which groups was racial temsiom encouraged by by late 1950s

Teddy boy gangs

24

Relations with the US regarding nuclear weapons: what had Britain worked closely with US to develop in WW2

Atomic bomb and in 1945 Truman promised this would continue

25

Relations with the US regarding nuclear weapons: why were ties between US and British nuclear programs severed

1946 atomic energy act blocked atomic collaboration

26

Arguments for nuclear deterrent gov: what did Britain need new weapons eh for

To maintain great power status

27

Arguments for nuclear deterrent gov: who supporters nuclear weapons ey in gov

Attlee, Bevin and chiefs of staffs of the military

28

Arguments for nuclear deterrent gov: why did Churchill argue nuclear defence was needed

Essential to sit at top table

In a future war Britain would be very vulnerable without it

29

Arguments for nuclear deterrent gov: what did ministry of defence report 1954 conclude

Overwhelming and immediate retaliation with it is our only reliable defence

30

Arguments for nuclear deterrent gov: what was a nuclear programme attractive for cutting

Costs