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Flashcards in 1(a). the crimean war Deck (18)
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1

what had the Sultan struggled to control since 1820s

the Christians in his European dominions

2

how did Tsar NI react to the Sultans struggle

he seized the opportunity to increase Russian influence in the area

3

how did Nicholas the first try to increase russia influence in the ottoman empire

by posing as protector of the slavs and christians

4

what did Nicholas I do in june 1853

sent a Russian army to Moldavia and wallachia

5

what did NI sending an army provoke the turks to do

declaring war in october

6

what brought the british and French into the war

Russia sank a squadron from the Turkish black sea fleet

7

why did the british and French defend turkey

they were anxious to protect their own trading interests in the area

8

what was the war marred by

incompetence on both sides

9

what was the death toll made worse by

the outbreak of cholera

10

what did Russia suffer badly from

outdated technology, poorr transport and inadequate leadership

11

what did the Russian army lack as a result of its size

the flexibility and determination of the French and british units

12

when and where were the Russians defeated

Balaclava- October 1854

Inkerman- November 1854

13

what did NI address to his son shortly before he died- March 1855

I hand over to you my command, unfortunately not in as good order as I would have wished

14

what happened by September

the fortress of Sebastopol had fallen to its enemies- Russia humiliated and shocked

15

what had the course of fighting revealed

Russia's military and administrative inadequacies

16

why was the war disastrous

trade disrupted, peasant uprisings escalated and intelligentsia renewed cries for something to b done to close gap between Russia and west

17

what added to Russias humiliation

treaty of Paris: prevented russias warships from using black sea in times of peace

18

what did failure in the Crimean war provide

the wake up call that Russia needed