7. The Social And Cultural Impact Of WW1 BRT Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 7. The Social And Cultural Impact Of WW1 BRT Deck (104)
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1

Women’s role: in which 2 ways did war need women

Both in larger numbers and in new kinds of work

2

Women’s role: how many men of working age were taken out of the economy into the armed forces

6 million men

3

Women’s role: how many women entered workforce

1 million

4

Women’s role: how many women switched from peacetime to wartime jobs

250,000

5

Women’s role: what percentage of total workforce did women make up by 1918

A third

6

Women’s role: what percentage of workforce in shell factories was female by late 1918

80%

7

Women’s role: what did number of female employees increase by 1914-18

18,000-117,000

8

Women’s role: what did number of women employees in banking and finance increase by

600%

9

Women’s role: which traditionally all male industries were women in by the end of the war

Shipbuilding and engineering

10

Women’s role: what did middle class women replace men in

Administrative jobs and entered nursing

11

Women’s role: 3 organisations for women front line duties

-women’s royal naval service
-women’s auxiliary army corps
-women’s Royal Air Force

12

Women’s role: how many women were serving in auxiliary services by 1918

150000

13

Women’s role: how did women serve in auxiliary services

Clerks, drivers, wireless operators, mechanics and fitters

14

Women’s role: how did war work bring new working conditions for women

Work in munitions factories dirty and dangerous

15

Women’s role: what were the dangers of working in muntitions

-many killed or injured in shell factory explosions and more than 100 died from handling poisonous chemicals

16

Women’s role: how did war work put a strain on family life

Women often worked long hours and had to accept shift work

17

Women’s role: advantage of war Work

Better paid that domestic service

18

Results of the war for women: what did their contribution to war challenge

The dominant Victorian view that women were passive, weak creatures whose only role lay in the home

19

Results of the war for women: why did women earn more

Full employment and overtime pay rates

20

Results of the war for women: what did many Young middle class women experience for the first time

Financial independence from fathers and husbands

21

Results of the war for women: what did the sex disqualification act state

That women could no longer be barred from a career in law or civil service on the basis of their gender

22

Results of the war for women: what did the sex disqualification act open up in 1919

The civil service, local gov and jury service to women

23

Results of the war for women: how did changes in women’s fashions symbolise a new freedom for women

Shorter skirts and hairstyles

24

Results of the war for women: what were women’s responsibilities still portrayed as during the war

Keeping the home fires burning, brining up the children and for nursing the wounded

25

Results of the war for women: how many domestic servant were there in 1918 despite it falling 400000 during war

1.2 million

26

Results of the war for women: which key occupations were women still excluded from

Coal mining and dock work

27

Results of the war for women: how were women treated unfairly where they did do the same work as men

They didn’t always receive the same pay

28

Results of the war for women: what was the increase in women workers seen as, rather than a permanent social change

Seen as a transitory, emergency measure

29

Results of the war for women: what did many women return to after 1918

Pre war jobs or their homes

30

Results of the war for women: what was the percentage of women in the total workforce in 1921 similar to

What it had been in 1911