4. challenges and crises BRT Flashcards Preview

history > 4. challenges and crises BRT > Flashcards

Flashcards in 4. challenges and crises BRT Deck (61)
Loading flashcards...
1

which factors indicated that Britain was on verge of civil war by 1914

-constitutional crisis
-Ireland
-female suffrage
-industrial unrest

2

who did 1909-11 see a serious clash between

conservative dominated H/L and liberal dominated H/C

3

what was the first constitutional crisis 1909-10 over

peoples budget

4

what was the second constitutional crisis 1910-11 over

parliament act

5

why did Lloyd georges budget raise anger of conservatives

feared ideas of redistributive taxations and of progressive taxation- saw as an attack on rich

6

when did H/L veto the peoples budget

November 1909

7

what was broken when the HL vetoed the peoples budget

the convention that the lords shouldn't interfere with money bills

8

what did the veto of the peoples budget leave the liberals with

no legal authority to collect taxes

had no choice but to call an election jan 1910 on issue

9

what issue did the liberals try to fight the 1910 election on

whether Britain should be governed by a majority of elected MPs (hC) or by non-elected, hereditary peers (HL)

peers vs the people

10

how did the conservatives fight their corner in 1910 election

suggested there were other ways to raise money- taxes on foreign imports

duty HL to restrain gov from making sweeping changes that electorate hadn't voted on

11

what was the result of the 1910 election

liberals won only very narrowly

12

who were liberals relying on to pass the budget

irish nationalists

13

what were nationalists prepared to give their support in return for

an attack on powers of hl

14

why were irish nationalists keen to see the lords weakened

so they could achieve their desire for home rule in ireland

15

why did lords finally agree to pass the budget

commons able to show a majority for budget and an election

16

how did liberal bill of 1910 plan to curb the power of the lords

taking away its power to veto

17

what did the 1910 parliament bill propose

-HL have no power to amend/reject bills that speaker of commons certified to be true money bills
-HL have no power to reject other legislation but could delay it for up to 2 years- suspensory veto
-max period between general elections reduced from 7-5 years

18

what was the problem with the parliament bill

it would have to pass the lords to become law

19

what was asquith solution to the issue of the parliament bill passing the lords

to ask king Edward to promise to create enough liberal peers to outvote the conservative peers in HL

20

who was king George replaced by and why

he died suddenly may 1910
replaced by George V

21

what was George V solution

tried to get liberals and conservatives to agree to a solution without resorting to creation of new peers

22

what did the conservatives offer in the second constitutional crisis

offered to reform composition of HL but liberals were determined to reduce its constitutional powers

23

what issue did the consitutinal conference break down over

conservatives tried to insist lords should have right to veto any change in constitution unless electorate approved such change in a referndum

24

under what condition did king George finally agree to create liberal peers

if the liberals won a second general election in December 1910

25

who could liberals rely on to win general election December 1910

support of labour and irish nationalists

26

when did commons pass the parliament bill

may 1911

27

how did house of lords feel about parliament bill

there were sharp divisions within the house as to whether to cooperate with the bill/oppose it

28

what did the lords avoid by passing the parliament bill

having HL swamped by newly-created liberal peers

29

impact of constitutional crisis on the lords

could only delay legislation important to the commons

30

impact of constitutional crisis on the liberals

able to move forwards with their legislative programme of reform