1.Russian autocracy in 1855 Flashcards Preview

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1

political context: how can the Russian empire be described in 1855

autocratic

2

political context: Who was the head of the empire

tsar

3

political context: what title did the tsar take

'emperor and autocrat of all russia'

4

political context: who was at the head of the Russian orthodox church in name only

the tsar

5

political context: what was the tsar believed to be by orthodox believers

The embodiment of god on earth

6

political context: what were Russians taught to show to the tsar

devotion and accept their conditions on earth as the will of god

7

political context: what did the patriarch of Moscow provide for the tsar

spiritual guidance

8

political context: what was the procurator of the holy synod

gov minister appointed by tsar to run church affairs

9

political context: why were the structures of the church and state intertwined

those at the head of the church hierarchy were subject to tsarist control over appointments, religious education, church finance

10

political context: what is an edict

an official order issued by a person/authority

11

political context: how much involvement did the tsar have in making edicts

he had advisers and ministers but they were all chosen by the tsar himself and no one could do anything without tsars approval

12

political context: who were the tsars main advisory bodies

The imperial council/chancellery

The council of ministers

The senate

13

political context: The imperial council

body of 35-60 nobles picked my tsar himself to advise him personally and provide their 'expert' opinion

14

political context: council of ministers

Body of 8-14 ministers in charge of different government departments

15

political context: The senate

Supposed to oversee all the workings of the gov

We're largely redundant by 1855

16

political context: Where were the tsar and central gov based

in the imperial capital of St Petersburg

17

political context: who did the regime also depend on and why

The provincial nobility for support

18

political context: provincial definition

Living away from the capital

19

political context: Since when had nobles not been obliged to serve the state

since 1785

20

political context: how can nobles loyalty to tsar be described

sense of obligation remained strong and all landowners expected to keep order on their estates

21

political context: Civil servants

Paid noble officials selected from a table of ranks that laid down the requirements for office

22

political context: How many levels were there in the table of ranks

14

23

political context: What did each level in the table of ranks have

It's own uniform, form of address and status

24

political context: What was the bureaucracy riddled by

Internal corruption and incompetence

25

political context: What was operation in the bureaucracy

One way with no provision for suggestion

26

political context: How big was the tsars army

1.5 million- worlds largest

27

political context: Who were the tsars army made up of

Conscripted serfs- each forced into service for 25 years

28

political context: Where were the conscripted serfs made to live

In a military colony

29

political context: How much of the governments spending was absorbed by army and navy

45%

30

political context: Cossacks

Service of elite regiments belonging to tsar with special social privileges