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Flashcards in 4: Russification (anti Semitic) Deck (37)
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1

what provoked ethnic minorities to assert their distinctive identities

development of national ideology

2

what had surfaced and brought rebellion 1830

polish nationalisms

3

what was set up 1840

finnish language pressure group

4

what did the secret brotherhood od saints Cyril and Methodius provoke in the Ukraine

national consciousness that sought to separate ukranian slavs from Russians

5

what was AII more concerned with than racial superiority

control

6

how did AII react to polish rebellion 1863

sent brother to deal with rebels

7

how did AII keep control without persecuting racial minorities

used concessions

8

examples of AII concessions

1864+1875- lativans able to convert to Lutheranism

finns- have own diet

9

what did period of increased reaction towards end of AII reign see

growing intolerance of national differences

10

russification in finland

diet reorganised to weaken political influence

use of russian language demanded

independent postal service abolished

Russian coinage replaced local currency

11

russification in poland

polish national bank closed

Russian language enforced in schools and universities

polish literature studied in Russian translation
administration changed to curb independence

12

russification in Baltic germany

Russian in all state offices, schools, police force and judicial system

german uni 'dorpar' became 'iurev'

13

russification in the ukraine

limited use of ukranian language

all theatres in 5 provinces closed

military service arrangements extended

14

russification in siberia

uprising of ethnic peoples surpressed

15

how was adherence to orthodox church encouraged

laws benefitted those of orthodox faith

16

what were closed down in poland

catholic monasteries, influence of catholic priests curbed

17

who worked to convert heathens and Muslims in asia

all Russian orthodox missionary society

18

what were members of non orthodox churches not allowed to do from 1883

build new places of worship, wear religious dress except within meeting place and spread religious propaganda

19

results of russification

mass disturbance

resentment amongst educated and wealthy

growth of opposition groups

20

who suffered most from intense nationalism

jews

21

how many jews within Russian empire

5 million

22

since 1736 where had most jews been confined to

pale of settlement

23

why were jews hated in AII reign

non orthodox teachings and money lending and personal riches

24

where did AII allow wealthier jews to settle until polish revolt

outside pale

25

inflammatory slogan pobodonostev

beat the yids, save russia

26

on what grounds was AII anti Semitic

religious

27

what were AIII poltical concerns about jews

was believed that they orchestrated AII assassination

28

why may pogroms have started

business competition, encouragement from okrhana

29

how did gov curb pogroms

did little

30

who supported holy league organisation and what did they do

pobodonostev- coordinated early attacks- banned 1882