11. Poltical Authority, Oppositipn And The State Of Russia In Wartime Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 11. Poltical Authority, Oppositipn And The State Of Russia In Wartime Deck (106)
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1

political problems of tsardom in wartime: how was tsars decision to go to war in 1914 initially popular

supported by wave of anti german sentiment

2

political problems of tsardom in wartime: what happened to strike activity and extremist when tsar announced decision to go to war

strike activity ceased, extremists imprisoned

3

political problems of tsardom in wartime: why did duma dissolve itself in coming of war

didnt want to burden country with unnecessary politics

4

political problems of tsardom in wartime: what did st petersburg become

petrograd

5

political problems of tsardom in wartime: when was spirit of national solidarity dampened

initial victories gave way to defeat at hands of germand in Battle of Tannenburg

6

political problems of tsardom in wartime: reports of what inflamed simmering discontent in russian capital

military incompetence

7

wartime gov and organisation: what were military zones set up in July 1914

all civillian authority suspended and military assumed command

8

wartime gov and organisation: why did liberal zemstva oppose military zones

regarded gov as insensitive to needs of people and believed civilians had major part to play in running the war

9

wartime gov and organisation: why was govs decision to ban sale of alcohol 1914 resented

vodka regarded as a near essential

10

wartime gov and organisation: what did zemstva establish to provide medical facilities which state seemed to neglect

union of zemstva

11

wartime gov and organisation: what initiative came from factory owners and businessmen

congress of reps of industry and business

12

wartime gov and organisation: what did congress of reps of industry and businessmen do

helped coordinate production

13

wartime gov and organisation: what joined togehter in June 1915 to form all russian union of zemstva and cities

existing zemstva and municipal dumas

14

wartime gov and organisation: who was all russian union of zemstvas and cities chaired by

Prince Lvov

15

wartime gov and organisation: what did all russian union of zemstva and cities soon turn into

liberal focus for discontent

16

wartime gov and organisation: what did progressive bloc demand

the tsar change his ministers and establish a gov of public confidence

17

wartime gov and organisation: who set up progressive bloc

some deputies from fourth duma

18

wartime gov and organisation: what did NII do in response to progressive blocs demands

suspended all sittings of duma in sept and remained closed until jan 1917

19

wartime gov and organisation: what did NII decide to do following defeats in Galicia

take on role of commander in chief of russian army

20

wartime gov and organisation: what was NII decision to take on role of commander in chief not wise

hed already lost confidence and support of russian general staff and didnt possess military experience to turn war effort around

21

wartime gov and organisation: what effect did NII commander in chief have

made him appear yet more responsible for varying disasters and distanced him more from developments in Petrograd

22

wartime gov and organisation: why began to meddle in political appointments and policy in city

rasputin

23

wartime gov and organisation: what rumours were circulating about Alexandra

deliberately sabotaging war effort

24

wartime gov and organisation: who warned nicholas of rasputins unpopularity

president of fourth duma, Mikhail Rodzianko

25

wartime gov and organisation: why did NII not take action against rasputin

his wife relied on him heavily

26

wartime gov and organisation: who murdered rasputin 17 december 1916

tsars nephew and his accomplice

27

wartime gov and organisation: how did NII seem unaware/unconcerned about political demands

in letters home he seemed more concerned about childrens measles than starving children

28

economic and social problems created by war: how was russian economy showing strains of war by Christmas 1914

serious shortage of munitions and prospect of a long war was daunting

29

military issues: how many men did gov manage to mobilise between 1914-17

15 million

30

military issues: how were soldiers sent to fight without adequate supplies

without suitable weaponary, lacking warm clothing and fitting, waterproof footwear