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1

growth of liberal opposition to 1905: what added to numbers favouring more representation and rule of law

spread of education and emergence of stronger middle class as a result of industrialisation

2

growth of liberal opposition to 1905: why was liberalism particularly strong in the zemstva

-reputation enhanced by actions taken in face of gov incompetence during Great Famine 1891-92
-resentments galvanised by reduction zemstva powers under AII

3

growth of liberal opposition to 1905: how did Tsar dismiss Tver Zemstvo's petition to set up an advisory body

as senseless dreams

4

growth of liberal opposition to 1905: liberal noble who continued to demand creation of an all class zemstvo at district level and a national assembly

Prince Lvov

5

growth of liberal opposition to 1905: what happened when Ivan Shipov tried to set up an 'All Zemsto Organisation' in 1896

it was immediately banned

6

growth of liberal opposition to 1905: what did banning of 'all zemstvo organisation' encourage some liberals to do

establish Beseda Symposium in 1899

7

growth of liberal opposition to 1905: what did Beseda Smyposium meet in secret to discuss

matters of liberal interest eg judicial reform and universal education

8

growth of liberal opposition to 1905: why did beseda symposium assume leadership of liberal movement in 1900

gov ordered dismissal of hundreds of liberals from the zemstva

9

growth of liberal opposition to 1905: who did Beseda symposium attract a wide range of support from when they assumed leadership of the liberals

public figures, town leaders, members of legal and teaching professions and industrialists

10

growth of liberal opposition to 1905: what was founded in 1903 under Struve

union of liberation

11

growth of liberal opposition to 1905: why did struve defect from the Marxist movement

opposed its commitment to violent revolution

12

growth of liberal opposition to 1905: what did struve believe Russia needed

a period of peaceful evolution in which to adapt to its new industrialising status

13

growth of liberal opposition to 1905: what system did struve want to see implemented

constitutional system through which workers could campaign legally to improve their conditions

14

growth of liberal opposition to 1905: what did struve believe Russia needed to adapt to its new industrialising status

period of peaceful evolution

15

growth of liberal opposition to 1905: who attended unions grand meeting of 1904

reps of zemstva and other professional societies

16

growth of liberal opposition to 1905: what did members declare at unions grand meeting

intention to work for establishment of a constitutional gov and arranged series of society banquets

17

growth of liberal opposition to 1905: what political influence did they have

limited

18

growth of liberal opposition to 1905: what were they fortunate to escape

closer attention of police

19

growth of liberal opposition to 1905: why were they main beneficiaries from 1905 revolution

one of their aims, duma, established

20

development of socialism and the emergence of the SR party: when were ideas of agrarian socialism revived

after great famine 1891-92

21

development of socialism and the emergence of the SR party: when was SR founded

1901

22

development of socialism and the emergence of the SR party: what did SRs become a rallying point for

those who wished to appeal to peasantry through a commitment to land socialisation and decentralised government

23

development of socialism and the emergence of the SR party: who was SRs most influential theorist

Viktor Chernov

24

development of socialism and the emergence of the SR party: how was SRs a fairly loose organisation

comprised of groups with a wide variety of views

25

development of socialism and the emergence of the SR party: why did SRs put forward idea that peasants and workers should work together to bring down autocracy and bring about land redistribution

they saw their views as identical

26

development of socialism and the emergence of the SR party: what emphasis of SRs set them apart from pure Marxists

emphasis on peasantry and land socialisation rather than land nationalisation

27

development of socialism and the emergence of the SR party: what did SRs develop in terms of support

wide national base with a large peasant membership

28

development of socialism and the emergence of the SR party: how were SR tactics similar to earlier populists

tried to stir up discontent in countryside and strikes in towns and to disrupt gov by political assassinations

29

development of socialism and the emergence of the SR party: how many political assasinations did SRs carry out between 1901-05

2000

30

development of socialism and the emergence of the SR party: which ministers of internal affairs did SRs assassinate

Dmitri Sipyagin and Von Plehve