18. Economic Issues BRT Flashcards Preview

history > 18. Economic Issues BRT > Flashcards

Flashcards in 18. Economic Issues BRT Deck (106)
Loading flashcards...
1

Mobilisation of resources during wartime: what areas did the comprehensive gov controls that were introduced at start of war cover

Food supplies, transport and the labour force

2

Extension of gov control: what did the gov pass in 1939 as soon as war broke out

Energy powers act 1939

3

Extension of gov control: what was gov granted authority to do until emergency powers act

Make regulations covering any aspect of life necessary to secure defence of the realm

4

Extension of gov control: which ministries were set up

-ministry of aircraft production
-ministry of labour
-ministry of production

5

Extension of gov control: how did cabinet committees coordinate work of separate ministries

Ministry of production coordinated on supply side and treasury being responsible for finance

6

Extension of gov control: how gov control extended over industry directily

Royal ordnance factories employed 300,000 workers

7

Extension of gov control: why were non essential industries run down

So their machinery and labour could be diverted to war Work

8

Extension of gov control: why were new production methods devised

Raise output and save labour

9

Extension of gov control: why did gov encourage greater use of science

Improving efficiency of economy and for developing new techniques/warfare

10

Bevin and the organisation of war Work: why was Bevin the ideal choice as minister of labour

He had a long career in TU affairs before the war

11

Bevin and the organisation of war Work: why did Bevin have to do with the millions unemployed in 1940

Get them back to work and mobilise the workforce efficiently

12

Bevin and the organisation of war Work: what kind of conscription did Bevin introduce

Industrial conscription for men and later women too

13

Bevin and the organisation of war Work: who were conscripted to Work in coal mines from late 1943

Young men/bevins boys conscripted to work in coal mines

14

Bevin and the organisation of war Work: which industries were women encouraged to work in

Munitions, engineering and shipbuilding

15

Bevin and the organisation of war Work: which problem did the demands of war Work solved

Unemployment

16

Bevin and the organisation of war Work: what did the total workforce raise by

2 million

17

Bevin and the organisation of war Work: what did Bevin use to force factories to improve conditions

Essential work orders

18

Bevin and the organisation of war Work: how were factory conditions improved

Works canteens, washrooms and medical centres

Wages improved, TU bargaining continued

19

Bevin and the organisation of war Work: how did Bevin maintain workers morale

Constantly toured factories and delivered 300 speeches, encouraged lunchtime entertainment

20

Bevin and the organisation of war Work: what was broadcast on the bbc from 1941

Workers playtime

21

Bevin and the organisation of war Work: what effect did bevins contribution to the war effort have

Did a lot to change perceptions and to convince people that labour politicians could be trusted with power

22

Control of food supplies: why did clothes food and fuel have to be rationed

Imports of food had to be reduced following loss of shipping due to German u boat attacks

23

Control of food supplies: who was in charge of devising a fair rationing policy and advising public on how to make the best of it

Ministry of Food under Lord Woolton

24

Control of food supplies: how was agriculture changed to increase productivity

Millions of acres of land ploughed up, production shifted from meat to cereals and greater use of tractors and fertilisers

25

Control of food supplies: which campaign led to a huge rise in home grown veg

Dig for Victory

26

The post war economic adjustment: rationing: what was austerity

Living standards held down so that production could go into exports to earn mucb needed dollars

27

The post war economic adjustment: rationing: why did labour maintain and even intensify wartime rationing

To limit imports and divert resources into exports

28

The post war economic adjustment: rationing: why were 1948 rations below wartime average

Financial and economic crisis of 1947

29

The post war economic adjustment: rationing; which two foods were rationed between 1946-48 which hadn’t been in the war

Bread and potatoes

30

The post war economic adjustment: rationing: when did it end completely

Not until 1954