7: political authority, revolution and duma NII Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 7: political authority, revolution and duma NII Deck (97)
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how had NII been brought up

to take his duties as a ruler seriously
to believe any concessions/signs of weakness would be indications of cowardice and failure


who was NII tutor



what did NII declare he was resolved to shortly before his coronation

'maintain the principle of autocracy just as firmly and unflinchingly as it was preserved by my unforgettable dead father'


what did nII commitment to orthodoxy ensure

the church maintained its powerful influence


why was NII unpopular with ethnic minorities

continued russification and support for black hundreds


why had Russian society become more criticised in the year after 1894

great famine 1891-92

failure of tsarist gov to deal with crisis

left zemstva and vol organisations to provide necessary relief work


what did the failure of gov correspondence to great famine lead to

greater public mistrust of govs competence and firmer belief in power of ordinary members of society to play a role in nations affairs


which groups developed a wider support base than ever by 1900

reformist groups


how were outbursts of trouble in universities resolved

increased use of okhrana


the years of the red cockerel

so many instances of arson in rural communities that nickname was coined


where was the unrest at its worst

central Russian provinces where landlord/peasant relationship was still at its most traditional


what did peasant unrest consist of

they set fire to landlords barns, destroying grain/ vented anger by seizing woodland/pasture

even physically attacked landlords and officials


who was the tsars minister

pyotr stolypin


how did stolypin deal with peasant disturbances

with ferocity that aggravated situation further

peasants flogged, arrested and exiled, shot in thousands


stolypins necktie

gallows became referred to this due to constant use


industrial strikes 1894 vs 1904

1894- 17000
1904- 90000


who was the Moscow chief of the okhrana



how did zubatox try to control proliferation of illegal unions in 1900

began organising own police-sponsored trade unions


what was the idea behind police sponsored trade unions

provide official channels through which complaints could be heard, in an attempt to prevent workers joining radical socialists


how successful was zubatovs idea

only lasted until 1903
Zubatov dismissed and exiled after one of his unions because involved in general strike in Odessa


what was formed in 1904

another union on zubatov model
Assembly of St Petersburg Factory Workers by Father Gapon


who was Gapons union approved by and how much support did it have

approved by minister of internal affairs Plehve and had support of church

soon had 12 branches and 8000 members


what is Plehve accredited with encouraging the tsar to do

respond to a Japanese assault on the Russian naval base of port Arthur in jan 1904


how did plehve describe this response

a short swift victorious war which woud detract from the tide of unrest at home


how did the Russians underestimate the 'short swift victorious war'

had little idea of their enemy/inadequacies of their own forces


what effect did a series of defeats have on the initial surge of anti Japanese patriotism

turned into one of opposition to the government


what happened when plehve was assassinated july 1904

crowds in warsaw turned out to streets to celebrate


who replaced plehve

mirsky, in nov 1904


how did mirsky respond to renewed cries for a representative national assembly

reluctantly agreed to invite zemtvo representatives to come to st pt for discussions


what were NII reasons for not agreeing to a representative form of government

considered it harmful to the people whom god has entrusted to me