7. Poltical Authority, Revolution And The Duma Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 7. Poltical Authority, Revolution And The Duma Deck (97)
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1

What was nII brought up to believe any concessions or signs of weakness were indications of

Cowardice or failure on his part

2

Who were NIIs beliefs installed by

Pobedonostev his tutor

3

What did NII declare shortly before his coronation

He was resolved to maintain the principle of autocracy just as firmly and unflinchingly as it was preserved by my unforgettable dead father

4

What retained its powerful influence due to NIIs commitment to orthodoxy

The church

5

What ensured NII was no more popular with ethnic minorities than his father

Continued Russification and support for Black hundreds and anti Semitic ideas

6

Demands for change and gov reaction: what had happened to Russian society since years of great famine of 1891-92

Society had become more politicised

7

Demands for change and gov reaction: how did tsarist gov cope with crisis

They failed which left zemstva and voluntary organisations to provide the necessary relief work

8

Demands for change and gov reaction: what effect did tsarist govs failure to deal with famine have

Greater public mistrust of the govs competence and a firmer belief in the power of ordinary members of society to play a role in nations affairs

9

Demands for change and gov reaction: which groups had developed a wider support base by 1900 than ever before

Reformist groups

10

Demands for change and gov reaction: what were outbursts in universities met by

Increased use of okhrana

11

Demands for change and gov reaction: why was nickname years of the red cockerel coined

So many instances of arson in rural communities

12

Demands for change and gov reaction: where was unrest in countryside at its worst and why

In central Russian provinces, where landlord/peasant relationship was still at its most traditional

13

Demands for change and gov reaction: what did peasants do in years of the red cockerel

Set fire to landlords barns, destroyed grain, seized woodland and pasture, physically attacked landlords and officials

14

Demands for change and gov reaction: how did stolypin deal with unrest in countryside

Peasants flogged, arrested and exiled and shot in their thousands

15

Demands for change and gov reaction: why did it become referred to as stolypins necktie

Gallows in such constant use

16

Demands for change and gov reaction: industrial strikes increase 1894-1904

17000-90000

17

Demands for change and gov reaction: what did Zubatov set up in 1900 in an attempt to control proliferation of illegal unions

His own police sponsored trade unions with the approval of the Governor General of Moscow

18

Demands for change and gov reaction: what was the idea of police sponsored trade unions

Provide official channels through which complaints could be heard in an attempt to prevent workers joining the radical socialists

19

Demands for change and gov reaction: why did zubatovs experiment only last under 1903

Zubatov dismisses and exiled after one of his unions became involved in a general strike in Odessa

20

Demands for change and gov reaction: what was the name of the union that was formed on the Zubatov model and who was it formed by

Assembly of st Petersburg factory workers by father gapon

21

Demands for change and gov reaction: who was the assembly of st Petersburg factoriy workers approved by

Plehve (minister internal affairs) and had support of Orthodox Church

22

Russo Japanese war: what did plehve encourage the tsar to respond to with a ‘short, swift, victorious war’

A Japanese assault on the Russian far eastern naval base at port Arthur in January 1904

23

Russo Japanese war: what did plehve say the short, swift victorious war would detract from

The tide of unrest at home

24

Russo Japanese war: how were the Russians unprepared

They had little idea of enemy and inadequacies of their own forces

25

Russo Japanese war: what happened to initial surge of anti japanese patriotism after a series of defeats

Turned into one of opposition to the government

26

Russo Japanese war: what happened when plehve was assassted July 1094

Renewed cries for a representative National Assembly

27

Russo Japanese war: what did mirsky reluctantly agree to in face of cries for National Assembly

Reluctantly agreed to invite zemstvo representatives to come to st Petersburg for discussions

28

Russo Japanese war: what did Nicholas declare when all he would concede was an expansion of rights of zemstva

I will never agree to the representative form of gov because I consider it harmful to the people whom god entrusted in me

29

Bloody Sunday: when was Bloody Sunday

9 January 1905

30

Bloody Sunday: when did Russian forces in port Arthur surrender to Japanese

20 December