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Flashcards in 17: the Stalinist society Deck (122)
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1

What type of man was the socialist man that Stalin wanted to create

The type of man who was publicly engaged and committed to the community

2

What would the socialist man have a sense of and what would he give to the state

A sense of social responsibility and would willingly give service to the state

3

Why did class based attacks continue in earnest in Stalin’s rule

Due to his decision to halt the NEP

4

What agenda was there in Lenin and Stalin’s time in creating new polcicies (socialist manG

The outcome had to be an environment in which the socialist man could flourish

5

Did the harsh living and working conditions experienced in Lenin’s time persist through Stalin’s rule

They got worse in Stalin’s early years

6

Why did living and working conditions get worse in Stalin’s early years

Peasants were herded into collectives and more emigrated to towns

7

What did the drive for industrialisation bring to workers

7 day working week and longer workers hours

8

What could arriving late or missing work result in

Dismissal, eviction from housing and loss of benefits

9

What became criminal (workers)

Damaging machinery or leaving a job without permission

10

Were strikes illegal

Yes

11

When were wage differentials, bonuses and payment by the piece introduced

1931

12

What did the introduction of wage differentials etc produce

A more diverse proletariat

13

What did it mean that workers were allowed to choose their place of work

They could move to improve their lot, while disciplinary rules were eased

14

Examples of propaganda campaigns which increased socialist competition

Stakhanovite movement

15

What did the Stakhanovite movement produce

A new proletarian elite

16

Why did Stalin’s industrialisation produce new opportunities for social advancement

-more peasants moved to towns
-more town workers became managers
-more children of workers benefitted from educational oppuritinies

17

What reduced the numbers competing for jobs and created plenty of vacancies at the top

Stalin’s purges

18

What did Stalin announce in 1993

‘Life has become better, comrades, life has become more joyous’

19

What we’re living condiditons like in the countryside

Primitive

20

Living conditions in towns

-workers lived in cramped communication apartments with inadequate sanitation
-public transport overcrowded, shops empty

21

When did real wages increase

In second 5 year plan

22

What were wages in second five year plan still lower than

Still lower in 1937 than they had been in 1928

23

When was rationing phased out

1935 but market prices were high

24

What could those in positions of importance in socialist system obtain

More goods more cheaply

25

What did Stalin revert to in 1930s with women

More traditional policies

26

What drove Stalin’s reversion to more traditional policies with women

Fall in population growth

27

Women: what became the focus of a new propaganda wave

Family

28

Women: how was Stalin’s portrayed in new family propaganda wave

As a father figure and ideal family man

29

Women: what was attacked under new propaganda wave

Divorce and abortion

30

Women: importance of what re-emphasised under family campaign

Marriage

Wedding rings reintroduced and new style wedding certificates issued