5. Politics In Wartime WW1 BRT Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 5. Politics In Wartime WW1 BRT Deck (78)
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1

How did the liberal crisis seem to ‘vanish’ when Britain declared war on Germany

-redmond and Carson urged their men to join Army
-home rule act suspended
-suffragettes give up campaigning
-trade union members generally patriotic

2

1915 coalition: why did the Liberal gov initially try ‘business as usual’ when war broke out

Initially believed it would be over by Christmas

3

1915 coalition: what was the only change that the liberal government implemented when war broke out

Brought in Lord Kitchener as Secretary for War

4

1915 coalition: when was DORA passed

8 August 1914

5

1915 coalition: what did DORA give the state

An unprecedented level of control over people’s lives

6

1915 coalition: who were Asquith and his government losing the support of April-May 1915

Confidence of their early supporters

7

1915 coalition: what was clear about the war by 1915

-war would last a long time
-home front as important as front line

8

1915 coalition: what eventually forced Asquith to accept an all party coalition

Military disaster st Gallipoli and apart shell shortage on western front lowered govs prestige further

9

1915 coalition: what was Bonar Law given in war coalition

Colonial office

10

1915 coalition: who replaced Churchill at the treasury

Balfour

11

1915 coalition: what was LG put in charge of

Ministry of muntjions

12

1915 coalition: how were liberals unhappy with interventionist position of gov

-uncomfortable with conscription
-some believed state was threatening civil liberties with intro of DORA

13

1915 coalition: when did liberal party split

During Maurice debate of 1918

14

LG and lib division: why did LG support coalition

He had a clear understanding of demands on home front of total war

15

LG and lib division: who took over as Secretary for War when Kitchener died in 1916

LG

16

LG and lib division: how was the war coalition cabinet unsatisfactory

23 cabinet ministers- too many to effectively carry out business of conducting a war

17

LG and lib division: why was there tension within coalition

All key positions held by liberals and conservatives distrusted Asquith

18

LG and lib division: what effect did tensions within War cabinet have

Direction of war hesitant and piecemeal

19

LG and lib division: by when had the conservatives completely withdrawn their support for Asquith

1916

20

LG and lib division: what did LG propose after discussions with Bonar Law

Creation of a small war cabinet consisting of himself, Bonar Law, Carson

Asquith remain PM but wouldn’t take part in War cabinet

21

LG and lib division: 5 ways in which LGs new coalition gov changed way Britain was governed

-smaller War cabinet of 5
-most top jobs conservative
-cabinet secretariat- more efficient
-PM developed own PMs secretariat
-more gov ministries set up for wartime needs

22

LG: how did liberal MPs react to LG replacing Asquith as PM

Continued to recognise Asquith as party leader but pledged to support gov in conduct of war

23

LG: why did LGs support now depend on conservatives

Many liberals viewed LG as a traitor for dividing liberal party

24

LG: how can conservatives support for LG be described

Toleration not trust

25

Influence of lab and 1918 constitution: why did lab party almost split in 1914

Whether it should support the war

26

Influence of lab and 1918 constitution: why was party opposed to war and militarism

Essentially believed in international cooperation of working class

27

Influence of lab and 1918 constitution: why was MacDonald mercilessly criticised in press

Refused to compromise and support the war

28

Influence of lab and 1918 constitution: when did reward for most of labour movement supporting war come

When I’m 1916, Arthur Henderson became first ever lab politician to be given a place in cabinet

29

Influence of lab and 1918 constitution: what did Labour Party force gov to do with rising wartime prices pushing rents up

Gov to pass legislation which fixed wartime rents at prewar levels

30

Influence of lab and 1918 constitution: what was ‘fair play’ that labour party pushed for

Controls on profiteering and unrestricted market forces and for high taxation of war profits