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Flashcards in 19: the great patriotic war Deck (140)
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1

when did the nazis invade russia

22 june 1941

2

why was stalin caught by surprise by nazi invasion

he had ignored intelligence reports and seems to have miscalculated as to when the germans would turn east

3

what evidence is there that stalin was not entirely unaware of the impending attack from nazi germany

defence spending increased 16.5% 1937- 32.6% 1940

4

was the soviet union ready for war in 1941

no

5

what had sapped the strength of the red army between 1936-38

the purges of the red army removed most senior officers

6

what had soviet fighting capacity been affected by

inadequate training and the removal of those who had promoted more advanced military theories, such as mikhail tukhachevsky

7

when had a lack of military initiative already been seen

in winter war with finland 1939-40 when no commander dared try anything new

8

what was the effect of the reestablishment of dual command of military units

increased party control but hindered actual combat capabilities

9

what deficiencies were there economically despite the move towards rearmament in the third 5yp

deficiencies in quantity and quality of equipment

10

how many tanks, military aircraft and rifles was the soviet union producing per month by 1941

230 tanks
700 military aircraft
100,000 rifles

11

what had happened as a result of increased expenditure of the military

insufficient investment in the collective and state farm system, still not producing enough to feed population

12

how was the soviet union psychologically unprepared to fight

having withdrawn anti-fascist propaganda and praised soviet german friendship since 1939, soviet troops suddenly expected to fight former allies

13

what was the name of the operation that launched the german attack

three pronged attack- operation barbarossa

14

wht was stalins initial reaction to the invasion

he suggested that someone contact hitler in berlin because he suspected the troop advance to be a limited act of provocation

15

what was stalins first wartime order when he met his politburo

demand that german air force be destroyed and invading forced annihilated

16

who did stalin leave the public announcement of hostilities to

molotov

17

why did stalin possibly leave the announcement to molotov

he couldnt bring himself to make it

18

how did molotov end his informing of the people

'our cause is just, the enemy will be smashed, victory will be ours'

19

how long did stalin take to establish a defined structure of governmental and military authority

a week- whether this was deliberate or he was affected by depression is unknown

20

what was stalins speech on 3 july 1941 designed to do

establish his leadership and unite the nation, rekindling patriotism and mollifying all those who opposed his politices in 1930s

21

what did stalins interestingly appeal to in his war speeches

his peoples love for their country and played on the threat of their culture rather than the threat to socialism

22

what did the people fight for instead of communism

russia

23

what did stalin order as a result of the germans coming dangerously close to moscow in october 1941

evacuation of the government to Kuibyshev on the Volga

24

what display of resistance did stalin insist on despite ordering the evacuation of the government in moscow

the annual red square parade should take place as normal

25

what did stalin realise as a result of the disastrous opening to the war

the need to let his military commanders plan campaigns- running of war increasingly left to general staff but removed if they displayed incompetence

26

examples of marshals replaced by men brought back from gulags

Voroshilov and budyenny

27

who did stalin rely heavily on in the war

georgi Zhukov

28

what had hitler nurtured some hope that the invasion would spark

an anti Stalinist revolt

29

how did those in national minority areas approach the germans in the wake of invasion

they welcomed the german soldiers as liberators after the harsh Stalinism of the 1930s and thousands became collaborationists

30

what movement was formed in the Ukraine under vlasov

the Russian liberation movement who fought against their former red army comrades