18: political, economic and social condition USSR by 1941 Flashcards Preview

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1

How can Stalin’s state be described by 1941

Highly centralised and authoritarian

2

How can some of the foundations of Stalin’s state by 1941 be seen in the Leninist years

-Lenin always favoured single party rule
-fought against coalition gov 1917 and forced closure of constituent assembly

3

What did Marxist doctrine speak of the state doing

Withering away

4

How did Stalin go further than Lenin in upholding the state

Extended one oarty domination and redefined centralisation

5

Examples of democratic structures that Stalin’s 1936 constitution included

Universal suffrage

6

What was made clear that reinforced Stalin’s intent to preserve the one party state

It was made clear that the communist oarty and its institutions were the only bodies that could put candidates up for election

7

What did the structure of government still provide for

Parallel appointments in both government and party hierarchy

8

What was the nomenklatura system of propellers used to do

Reward loyal officials

9

What effect did the nomenklatura system of price levels have

Concentrated decision making into a much smaller number of hands

10

Where was the ultimate source of all authority concentrated in the hands of

Stalin

11

What policy meant that all power emanated from Stalin himself

Centralisation

12

What did Stalin add to his own mystique by doing

Restricting those who he had direct access with

13

What has it been suggested that the Soviet Union changed from

A one party state with a powerful leader to a personal dictatorship

14

Who did Stalin attack within the communist oarty

Those who he saw as potential enemies and rivals

15

What evidence is there that Stalin could not exert perfect control

Rural hostility and the welcome which some soviet citizens gave to the invading Germans in 1941

16

What had Stalin’s 5 year plans transformed Russia into by 1941

Highly industrialised and urbanised nation

17

What percentage of population lived in towns in 1926

17%

18

What percentage of people lived in towns 1939

33%

19

What had the USSR overtaken Britain in by 1940

Iron and steel production

20

How did Stalin help lay the foundation for the ultimate soviet victory in the Second World War

By developing heavy industry, transport and power resources

21

Production of what was vastly stepped up in third five year plan

Coal and oil production

22

What did spending on rearmament rise from between 1938-1941

27.5 billion roubles to 70.9 billion roubles

23

How was economic development uneven

Massive growth in heavy industry but consumer production had been so neglected that consumer goods were scarcer in 1941 than they had been under NEP

24

What did drive for quantity not quality lead to

Bad quality of goods

25

What was the 1941 nation still producing less grain than

Under the NEP

26

What techniques were there insufficient attention paid to

Modern farming techniques and limited use of agricultural machiner

27

Why was agricultural equipment sometimes neglected

There was insufficient trained individuals to service and repair it

28

Why had communist control in the countryside grown stronger

Socialist communal values had been put in place

29

What had increased urbanisation and expansion of town populations helped create

A far stronger working class proletariat

30

What was claimed through education, propaganda arts etc

That the fulfilment of socialist values was well underway