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Flashcards in 15: the Stalinist economy Deck (90)
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1

what did 14th party congress in 1925 call for

transformation of our country from an agrarian into an industrial one, capable by its own efforts to producing the necessary means

2

14th party congress known as

the industrialisation congress

3

what was NEP maintained throughout 1926 despite

concerns raised about how more investment was needed to drive industry forwards

4

what was announced at the 15th party congress

the end of NEP and the beginning of the first five year plan for rapid industrialisation

5

what was the first 5 year plan known as

the great turn

6

what was the great turn driven by

a number of economic factors and stalins desire to establish his leadership

7

what was the NEP failing to do by 1927

to produce the growth that many leading communists sought, and a war scare in the late 1920s made them particularly nervous

8

why did gov want to increase USSRS military strength and develop its self-sufficiency

so that is was less reliant on foreign imports

9

what was essential to move towards socialism

to develop industry and not have a state dependent on peasants and grain harvest

10

how did the great turn suit stalins personal style

to have strong central control over the economy, known as 'central planning'

11

what targets did Stalin set in his 5 year plans

-very ambitious targets for enterprises to attain

12

what were the targets intended to do

force managers and workers to devote their maximum effort to the programme

13

what were the launching and fulfillment of the plans accompanied by

lots of propaganda

14

why did statistics show huge improvements in industry following 5 year plans

-failure to achieve target deemed a criminal offence
-all those involved in administering and carrying out plans went to great lengths to ensure reported statistics showed huge improvements

15

what was built into the system of industrialisation from the start

corruption and faulty reporting

16

aims of first 5 year plan

-increase production 300% by setting targets for growth
-develop heavy industry
-boost electricity production 600%
-double output of light industry

17

what did the publicity surrounding the launch of the first 5 year plan provoke

an enthusiastic response

18

what did stalin claim of 5 year plans that evidenced its success

targets met in 4 years instead of 5

19

why was it claimed first 5 year plan targets met in 4 years not 5

over enthusiastic reporting by local officials, keen to show loyalty and effort

20

were any major targets of first 5 year plans met, in reality

no

21

what brought impressive growth in first 5 year plans

major investment

22

first 5 year plan: electricity

x3

23

first 5 year plan: coal and iron output

x2

24

first 5 year plan: steel production

1/3

25

examples of what sprung up during first 5 year plans

new railways, engineering plants, hydro-electric power schemes and industrial complexes

26

what targets were not met in first 5 year plans

chemical industry

27

what industries were neglected under first 5 year plans

house building, food processing and other consumer industries

28

what obstacles were there to effective development in first 5 year plan

too few skilled workers and too little effective coordination

29

what lost out in first 5 year plan

smaller industrial works and workshops, in competition from bigger factories

30

aims of second 5 year plan

-continue development of heavy industry
-put new emphasis on light industries and consumer goods
-develop communications to provide links between cities and areas of industry
-boost engineering and tool making