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1

The festival of Britain: when was it

Summer 1951

2

The festival of Britain: aims

Cheer people up after post war austerity, raise British morale and promote the feeling of recovery

3

What was it’s symbol

The skylon tower

4

The festival of Britain: main purpose according the Gerald Barry, director general

To put Britain on show and exhibit what the country had achieved since the war

5

The festival of Britain: dome of discovery

One of main centrepieces showing scientific progress

Could see synthetic dyes, electrical instruments and a developing embryo

6

The festival of Britain: what could visitors learn about in the health pavilion

Blood, the nervous system, vaccination, training of nurses and surgical instruments

7

The festival of Britain: what did it consciously imitate

The 1851 great exhibition

8

The festival of Britain: how many visitors were there

8.5 million

9

The festival of Britain: what was there at battersea Park

AmericAn style rides on the sky wheel, bubble bounce and flyo plane

10

The festival of Britain: when did festival close

September 1951

11

The festival of Britain: how did right wing daily express

Social extravagance

12

The festival of Britain: what did actor Kenneth Williams think

Madly educative and very tiring

13

Continuing austerity: when did bread and potato rationing end

1948

14

Continuing austerity: when we’re eggs and soap no longer restricted from

1950

15

Continuing austerity: what we’re still rationed

Meat, cheese, fats, tea sugar and sweets

16

Continuing austerity: what led to a weekly meet ration of four ounces beef or five ounces lamb chop per person

Mistakes over imports made my ministry of food in 1950

17

Continuing austerity: austerity other than food

Another fuel shortage, food import prices went up following devaluation in 1949 and the housing shortage remained severe

18

Continuing austerity: what was official gov estimate of houses a shortfall of

700.000 but independent experts thought it was higjer

19

Continuing austerity: what did bevan minister of health concentrate on

Council house building and quality rather than quantity

20

Continuing austerity: how many council houses built between 1945-51

807,000

21

Continuing austerity: how did fall in poverty become knows

Rowntree’s survey in 1950

22

Continuing austerity: how did poverty fall

Welfare reforms financed by high taxation helped poorest part of working class and labour gov achieved clviteually full employment over time in office

23

Labour divisions: who were contrasting opinions held by

Herbert Morrison and aneurin Bevin

24

Labour divisions: what did bevan want to continue further with

Nationalisation and bring out a more fundemebtak reorganisation in society

25

Labour divisions: what would bevans ideas on nationalisation appeal to

The working classes

26

Labour divisions: what did Morrison want to focus on

Consolidation to ensure that labour continued to win the support of middle class voters

27

Labour divisions: why did Morrison win the argument to hold back on promising more nationalisation in the 1950 election

His ideas were more representative of the cabinet

28

Labour divisions: who else did bevan fall out with

Hugh Gaitskell, chancellor of the exchequer

29

Labour divisions: what did the bevanites criticise

Charges for spectacles dental treatment and prescriptions

30

Labour divisions: what did bevan argue that charges contravened with

The founding principle of NHS that it should be free at point of treatment

Went against basic labour values