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1

Which structures established by Lenin were perpetuated by Stalin

Rule by one party and centralised control

2

What influence did Stalin assert

An increasingly dominant personal influence

3

What did the party contribute to predominate over

State institutions

4

What was control ensured through.

Parallel structures and most levels and the dual membership of party and gov offices held by trusted members of nomenklatura

5

What did Stalin grow increasingly concerned about and what did this lead to

The party reflecting his wishes- led to party congresses being called less frequently

6

What appointments did Stalin control through his position as general secretary

The more important appointments to the party apparat

7

What controlled the nomenklatura and what did this mean

The apparatchiki controlled the nomenklatura- meant Stalin commanded vast patronage over all important positions throughout soviet society

8

What did Stalin prefer to work with than the politburo

Personally selected commities

9

What did Stalin use his power of appointment to do

Build up the party memebership and develop an elaborate bureaucracy of loyal servants

10

How did an expansion in oarty membership begin

With the Lenin enrolment 1924-25 in commemoration of his death

11

By how much did party membership increase under the Lenin enrolment

Almost doubled to one million

12

Where did most new oarty members tend to be drawn from

Younger and less well educated urban workers and ex peasants who were less interested in ideological debate and more concerned with their own careers

13

What were New party memebers often attracted by

Stalin’s more nationalist energetic and sometimes brutal policies and knew that loyalty could bring benefits for themselves and their families

14

Who was the 1936 constitution drafted by

Bukharin

15

What did Stalin claim that the 1936 constitution was

The most democratic in the world

16

What did the 1936 constitution proclaim

The USSR to be a federation of eleven soviet republics

17

What was the all Russian congress of soviets replaced by under 1936 constitution

A new supreme soviet made up of the soviet of the union and the soviet of nationalities

18

What did each republic have if it’s own under the 1936 constitution

Supreme soviet

19

What did the 1936 constitution promise to ethnic groups

Local autonomy and support for national cultures and languages

20

What did 1936 constitutions promise (elections)

Four yearly elections with right to vote for all over 18 including former people

21

What statement of civil rights was the 1936 constitution accompanied with

Freedom from arbitrary arrest and right to free speech

22

What may the 1936 consitituonbs main intention have been

To impress foreigners

23

What did the verbal control exercised over the republics budgets unsure

The primacy of union laws and little real regional independence

24

What happened despite the consitituon acknowledging the right of any union republic to leave union

Party leaders in Georgia’s planned succession in 1951 purged

25

Why did the supreme soviet only meet for a few days twice a year

Said to be so that members could continue regular employment but it meant the body provided more of a sense of participation than any actual involvement in policy making

26

How was the supreme soviet viewed by the oarty

As a forum for imparting decisions back to localities rather than for electors to present their views to the centre

27

From when did Stalin consciously develop his own cult

December 1929, he’s 50th bday

28

What image of himself did Stalin oromote and why

An image that helped to noire confidence during a period of rapid change

29

How was Stalin universally portrayed

As Lenin’s true disciple and companion

30

What were produced to glorify Stalin’s role

Paintings and posters