1929-31: the Labour Government Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 1929-31: the Labour Government Deck (63)
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1

why did the second labour government start out with high hopes in 1929

the liberals had become marginalised and labour now clearly a major player in britains 2 party system

2

what did MacDonald believe labour now had the chance to do

remove any doubts in the minds of voters as to the credibility of labour as a respectable party of gov

3

what was MacDonalds optimism boosted by

the dip in unemployment figures

4

who did MacDonald invite as Britains first female cabinet minister

Margaret Bondfield

5

Domestic policies: when was the housing act introduced

1930

6

Domestic policies: who was the housing act introduced by

Arthur Greenwood

7

Domestic policies: what did housing act increase/introduce

increased subsidies for house building
introduced new slum clearance schemes

8

Domestic policies: when was coal mines act introduced

1930

9

Domestic policies: what did coal mines act attempt to reduce

bitterness caused by General Strike

10

Domestic policies: how did coal mines act aim to reduce bitterness caused by general strike

by reducing miners working hours from 8-7.5 hour shifts

11

Domestic policies: when was the land utilisation and agricultural marketing act introduced

1931

12

Domestic policies: what did the land utilisation and agricultural marketing act establish

a series of marketing boards to help producers

13

Domestic policies: what did marketing boards (land utilisation and agricultural marketing act) have power to do

fix prices and arrange supplies more efficiently

14

Domestic policies: when was London transport bill introduced

1931 but didn't become law until 1933

15

Domestic policies: who was London transport bill introduced by

Herbert Morrison

16

Domestic policies: what did London transport bill create

a public corporation responsible for providing cheap and efficient public transport for london

17

Domestic policies: what benefits were increased

unemployment benefits

18

Domestic policies: why did several attempts at reform fail

through lack of liberal support

19

Domestic policies: which attempts at reform failed through lack of liberal support

-education bill that aimed at raising school leaving age to 15
-bill to create a maximum working week of 48h
-plans to repeal 1927 TU act

20

Domestic policies: how was Britain affected by wall street crash

loss of American markets and reduction in European trade as other nations suffered

21

Domestic policies: how much did the value of british exports fall by between end of 1929-1931

half

22

Domestic policies: unemployment rate 1931 and 1932

1931- 2.5 million
1932- 3 million

23

Response to economic crisis: what was MacDonalds economic expertise like

he was no economist and had little idea of how to tackle unemployment

24

Response to economic crisis: what did MacDonald set up in 1930

Economic Advisory Council

25

Response to economic crisis: why did macdonald set up economic advisory council in 1930

consisted of economists and industrialists to provide advice but remained wary of new ideas

26

Response to economic crisis: why did unemployment put a strain on gov finances

more unemployment meant more unemployment benefits

27

Response to economic crisis: what did allowing huge sums of money to disappear in benefits undermine MacDonalds belief in

a balanced budget and appeared irresponsible at a time when party wanted to be viewed as capable and trustworthy, despite welfare of working man being integral to party's belief's

28

Response to economic crisis: what did Philip snowden accept were fundamental principles

a balanced budget and maintaining the gold standard

29

Response to economic crisis: who was phillip snowden

chancellor of exchequer

30

Response to economic crisis: what would balancing budget involve and what did this mean

would involve retrenchment which would mean reducing expenditure on welfare