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Flashcards in 17: Political Developments BRT Deck (51)
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1

The fall of chamberlain: what policy did Chamberlian face increasing criticism for with the outbreak of war

Appeasement

2

The fall of chamberlain: who was chamberlian criticised for failing to procure an alliance with

Soviet Russia to deter Hitler

3

The fall of chamberlain: what did chamberlian boast during the ‘phoney war’ and why did this undermine faith in his leadership

Boasted that ‘Hitler had missed the bus’

Few days later Germany invaded Denmark and Norway

4

The fall of chamberlain: how was Churchill criticised on his economic policy

Not organising war with enough urgency

5

The fall of chamberlain: how was Churchill criticised militarily

Many mps felt army was inadequately prepared and supplied

Blockade of Germany not tight enough

6

The fall of chamberlain: why could Chamberlian not form a new national government to fight the war

He failed to win the support of labour

7

The fall of chamberlain: when was it made evident that chamberlain didn’t relish his role as war leader

‘How I loathe this war. I was never meant to be a war leader’ he wrote to his sister

8

The fall of chamberlain: defeat in which country further undermined belief in his ability to lead

Norway

9

The fall of chamberlain: how did DLG denounce chamberlain at the debate about the Norwegian campaign

‘There is nothing which can contribute more to victory than that he should sacrifice his office’

10

The fall of chamberlain: why did chamberlain resign

Conservative rebel’s refused to support Chamberlain unless lab and liberals would too- no chance of this

11

Churchill as a wartime leader: why did an invasion seem imminent by the end of May 1940

-German armies deep into northern France
-BEF trapped on channel coast near Dunkirk (300000 men had to be evacuated by sea)
-fall of France only a matter of time

12

Churchill as a wartime leader: what did Lord Halifax think the sensible policy was considering France collapsing

Negotiating with hitler

Britain would be better getting what terms it could rather than being invaded and conquered

13

Churchill as a wartime leader: what did Churchill convince most of cabinet and population to fight on in the hope of

That the US could be persuaded to support Britain

14

Churchill as a wartime leader: what did Churchill do rather than seek peace

He put everything into organising the military effort against nazi Germany

15

Churchill as a wartime leader: what was Churchill inspiring leadership accredited with during and after the war

Unifying the nation

16

Churchill as a wartime leader: what were Churchill’s faults

He was impulsive and dictatorial and constantly interfered in the details of gov departments

17

Churchill as a wartime leader: why was Churchill a poor committee chairman

He thought he knew more about strategy and tactics than his generals

18

Churchill as a wartime leader: what did the Australian prime minister, Robert Menzies, note about Churchill during war

‘He is not interested in finance, economics or agriculture and ignores debates on all three. He loves war, and spends hours with maps and charts’

19

Churchill as a wartime leader: why was the chief of general staff critical of Churchill

For making impetuous and unrealistic decisions

20

Churchill as a wartime leader: why was Churchill lucky with his deptuty PM

He was an extremely effective organiser

21

The coalition government: what was Churchill’s first task on becoming PM

Forming a new government

22

The coalition government: why did the new government have to be one of national unity

Given the desperate situation unfolding across the channel

23

The coalition government: how did chamberlain remaining leader of Conservative party until his death benefit Churchill

-made it easier for Churchill to act as if he were above party politics and to bring lab and lib politicians into gov

24

The coalition government: who did Churchill’s wartime cabinet consist of

Churchill, Attlee, Greenwood, Halifax and chamberlain

25

The coalition government: what did Churchill’s wartime coalition prove to be

Stable and efficient

26

The coalition government: why did Churchill’s coalition not split the Conservative party

Absence of major rivals- illness drove Chamb out of office and Halifax ambassador to America

27

The reasons for labour victory in 1945: on what grounds did the Labour Party reject Churchill’s proposals to continue wartime coalition until war against japan ended

There had been no general election for 10 years

28

The reasons for labour victory in 1945: on what date did the Churchill war coalition end

23 May 1945

29

Positions before the war: what was the Labour Party untainted with that gave it an advantage over the conservatives

The discredited appeasement policy of chamberlain, the problems of the 1930s, unemployment and social deprivation

30

Positions before the war: what did labours electoral propaganda play on

The memories of the failings of the 1930s and the need to ensure they never occurred again