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Flashcards in Ch. 30: Piel Strong Deck (12)
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30.1 What are the main features of the Piel?

1. VS under all Imperfect performatives and Participle prefixes
2. Pathach under the first root consonant of every conjugation, except Perfect
3. Dagesh Forte in second root consonant in every conjugation

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30.2 What are the different meanings of the Piel?

1. Intensive / active (instead of "break" use "smash")
2. Factitive (intransitive, transitive; instead "to be holy" use "to sanctify x")
3. Denominative (when a word is derived from noun/adj. and turned into a verb)
4. Iterative (repeated action; instead of "walk" use "walk around"; or "cry" use "keep crying")
5. simple action (words that are often common in Piel, but not attested in Qal)

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30.4 How is the Piel Perfect formed compared to the Qal?

1. Initial vowel, Hireq through out
2. Dagesh Forte in second consant
3. Stem vowel is either Tsere (3ms only), Pathach or Seghol (except in 3fs, 3cp where it is SS)

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30.4 What is the diagnostic form of the Piel Perfect?

קִטֵּל

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30.6 How is the Piel Imperfect formed compared to the Qal?

1. Preformative vowel, VS through out; Hateph Pathach on 1cs (יְקַטֵּל)
2. Pathach under the first root consonant
3. Dagesh Forte in second consant
4. Stem vowel, Tsere instead of Holem

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30.6 What is the diagnostic form of the Piel Imperfect?

יְקַטֵּל

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30.7 In the Piel what forms are the same? And what is that form?

1. Imperative 2ms
2. Infinitive Construct
3. Infinitive Absolute
קַטֵּּל

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30.8 How is the Piel Imperative formed?

[Exactly as the Piel Imperfect, minus Preformative]
1. Pathach under the first root consonant
2. Dagesh Forte in second consonant
3. Stem vowel, Tsere 2ms/2fp; VS 2fs/2mp (if vowel letter Suffix)

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30.12 How is the Piel Participle formed?

1. Mem, VS preformative (מְ)
2. Pathach under the first root consonant
3. Dagesh Forte in second consonant
4. Stem vowel, Tsere (ms); VS rest (except for Segholate fs) (מְקַטֵּל) (מְקַטְּלִים)

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30.6 What is the diagnostic form of the Piel Participle?

מְקַטֵּל

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30.15 Why does the Piel stem frequently lose the Dagesh Forte both in the second root consonant and when a Dagesh is prefixed (ie, article, Waw consecutive, מִנ)?

1. The rule of sqnmlwy
2. These letter when combined with a VS cannot take a Dagesh
וַיְדַבֵּר

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Note

Be thinking about translating the Piel as an iterative, declarative, or privative (make opposite [חָטָא Qal: to sin; חִטֵּא Piel to cleanse]) as well

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