Ch. 21: Infinitive Absolute Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch. 21: Infinitive Absolute Deck (13)
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1

What is the Qal Infinitive Absolute Strong Verb?

קָטוֹל
קָטֹל
The defective writing shows up about 50% of the time

2

What is a form that the Qal Infinitive Absolute Strong verb look like? (קָטֹל / קָטוֹל)

Qal Imperative 2ms or the Infinitive Construct which are both: (קְטֹל)
The Qamets distinguishes the Absolute from the other forms

3

Does the Infinitive Absolute appear with prepositions and suffixes?

No

4

What are the changes that are seen with the Infinitive Absolute in the weak verbs?
3-ח/ע

will add a furitive pathach

5

What are the changes that are seen with the Infinitive Absolute in the weak verbs?
3-ה

Holem Hey / Holem Waw
עָשֹׁה
עָשׁוֹ

6

What are the changes that are seen with the Infinitive Absolute in the weak verbs?
Bicon.

Holem Waw medial letter will be present in every form, whether the normal medial letter is Holem Waw, Shureq, or Hireq Yod (though it may be defective on occasion)

7

What are the four most common uses for the Infinitive Absolute?

1. Emphatic
2. Imperatival
3. Simultaneous
4. Complementary

8

How is the Emphatic use of the Infinitive used? What is the syntactical clues? How should it be translated?

1. Infinitive Absolute of the same root will immediately precede (almost always) a perfect/imperfect
2. Highlights the certainty of the action
3. indeed, surely, certainly (or something to that effect)

9

How is the Imperatival use of the Infinitive used? What is the syntactical clues? How should it be translated?

1. Stands by itself
2. Functions as an imperative

10

How is the simultaneous use of the Infinitive used? What is the syntactical clues? How should it be translated?

1. two infinitive absolutes used with a perfect/imperfect
2. expresses two simultaneous verbal actions
3. -ing

11

How is the Complementary use of the Infinitive used? What is the syntactical clues? How should it be translated?

1. carries the temporal value of a main verb
2. translate like a perfect or imperfect

12

Note: Alternatively the particles (יֵשׁ) (אַ֫יִן) may expresses what?

1 possession or lack thereof
2. existence of something or someone or lack thereof

13

Dos the particle (אַ֫יִן) appear with pronominal suffixes and what is its form when it does? And what suffixes?

1. (אֵי)
2. 3ms/1cp (אֵינֶ֫נּוּ)
3. 3mp (אֵינַם)

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