Ch. 13: Qal Perfect, Strong Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch. 13: Qal Perfect, Strong Deck (24)
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1

Describe the Qal stem

1. typically active (though some can be passive)
2. simple action or unnuanced type of action
3. can be transitive, intransitive, or stative

2

What kind of verbal aspect does the perfect conjugation portray? What does it portray as to time?

1. perfective aspect: A completed action or state of being
2. Does not portray a specific time. Can be past, present, or future.

3

13.3 How translate the perfect conjugation?

1. English past tense (He studied)
2. English present perfect (He has studied)
3. English past perfect (He had studied)
4. English future perfect (He will have studied)

4

13.3 How translate the perfect conjugation as a stative?

1. English present tense (He is wise)
2. English past tense (He was wise)

5

13.3 How translate the perfect conjugation with verbs of perception or attitude?

English present tense (He knows, he loves)

6

13.6 What is the lexical form?

Qal Perfect 3ms

7

What does the Qal Perfect want its vowels to be?

בָבַבְ

8

What happens when a verbal root ends in ת and a sufformative begins with ת?

They will contract to
תּ
(There are five Perfect sufformatives that begin with Taw)

9

What happens when a verbal root ends in ן and a sufformative begins with ת?

They will contract to
תּ
(There are five Perfect sufformatives that begin with Taw)

10

What happens when a verbal root ends in ן and a sufformative begins with נ?

They will contract to
נּ
(This only happens in the 1cp)

11

How are stative verbs classified?

By there stem vowel

12

What are stem vowels

The vowel associated with the second root consonant

13

What are the three different stative verbs?

Pathach-Stative
Tsere-Stative
Holem-Stative

14

What is the paradigm for the Tsere-Stative verbs?

It is the same as the Qal Perfect, but with a Tsere in the 3ms stem vowel

15

What is the paradigm for the Holem-Stative verbs?

1. The stem vowel is Holem all the way except for
2. 2mp and 2fp where it is a Qamets Hatuf and
3. 3fs and 3cp where it is a vocal Shewa

16

What are stative verbs derived from?

their corresponding adjectives

17

How to tell the stative verb apart from their corresponding adjective?

1. the verbs will be inflected as verbs (sufformatives) and the adjective as adjectives (masculine and feminine endings)
2. The verb's 3ms and the adjectives masculine singular will be the only identical form; context will decide

18

What is the order of parsing?

verbal stem, conjugation, person, gender, number, and lexical form (or verbal root)

19

Parse:
זָכַ֫רְתִּי

Qal Perfect 1cs
זָכַר

20

What is the negative particle?

לֹא / לוֹא

21

What are the other two possible forms for the particle הִנֵּה?

הֵן
הֶן־

22

How is the particle הִנֵּה used?

1. it can stand alone
2. it can take type 1 pronominal suffixes

23

What is the base stem for the particle הִנֵּה?

הִנּ

24

What are the three special uses of the particle הִנֵּה?

1. demonstrative interjection: stress the importance of something
2. predictor of existence: indicates the presence of someone or something with an emphasis on immediacy and urgency
3. Used to introduce a fact or situation on which a subsequent statement is based

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