Ch. 34: Hithpael Strong Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch. 34: Hithpael Strong Deck (18)
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34.1 What are the main diagnostic features of the Hithpael?

1. Prefix: Perfect, Imperative, Infinitives (הִתְ); Imperfect (יִתְ), Participle (מִתְ)
2. Pathach under the first consonant
3. Dagesh Forte in second Consonant
4. Tsere stem vowel for every lexical form

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34.2 What are the semantic meanings of the Hithpael?

1. Intensive – Reflexive (ex. He sanctified himself)
2. Reciprocal (“each other”)
3. Iterative (repeated action)
4. Simple Active

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34.4 What are the features of the Hithpael Perfect?

1. Prefix (הִתְ)
2. Pathach under the first consonant
3. Dagesh Forte in second Consonant
4. Tsere stem vowel for 3ms; rest regular strong pattern (Pathach/VS)

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34.4 What is the diagnostic form for the Hithpael Perfect?

הִתְקַַטֵּּל

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34.6 What are the features of the Hithpael Imperfect?

1. Normal prefix added onto (תְ)
2. Pathach under the first consonant
3. Dagesh Forte in second Consonant
4. Tsere stem vowel; with normal VS (2fs, 3mp, 2mp)

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34.6 What is the diagnostic form for the Hithpael Imperfect?

יִתְקַַטֵּּל

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34.7 What Hithpael conjugations have the exact same form?

Perfect, Imperative, Infinitive Construct, and Absolute

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34.7 What are the features of the Hithpael Imperative?

1. Prefix: (הִתְ)
2. Pathach under the first consonant
3. Dagesh Forte in second Consonant
4. Tsere (2ms/2fp); VS (2fs/2mp)

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34.7 What is the diagnostic form for the Hithpael Imperative?

הִתְקַַטֵּּל
(Preformative, Pathach, and Dagesh are diagnostic)

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34.8 What is the diagnostic form for the Hithpael Infinitive Construct?

הִתְקַַטֵּּל
(Preformative, Pathach, and Dagesh are diagnostic)

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34.8 What is the diagnostic form for the Hithpael Infinitive Absolute?

הִתְקַַטֵּּל
(Preformative, Pathach, and Dagesh are diagnostic)

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34.10 What are the features of the Hithpael Participle?

1. Prefix: (מִתְ)
2. Pathach under the first consonant
3. Dagesh Forte in second Consonant
4. Tsere (ms); Segholate (fs) VS (rest)

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34.10 What is the diagnostic form for the Hithpael Participle?

מִתְקַטֵּל
(Preformative, Pathach, and Dagesh are diagnostic)

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34.12 What is Metathesis as it refers to the Hithpael.

It is the transposition of two contiguous consonants in order to smooth out its pronunciation

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34.12 What letters will usually cause Metathesis?

The ‘s’ type letters ( ס / צ / שׂ / שׁ )
Example: הִסְתַּתֵּר He hid himself (סָתַר)

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34.13 What happens when the first consonant of the verbal root begins with a ( ד / ז / ט /ת ) in the Hithpael conjugations?

The Taw of the Preformative will assimilate into the first consonant of the verbal root and becomes a Dagesh Forte
(דָּבַר) he was defiled
(הִטַּמֵּא) he defiled himself

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34.16 Parse the following word and explain its significance
שְׁתַּחֲו

Hishtaphel, (conjugation) PGN from חָוָה to bow down, worship
This word shows up 173x in Hebrew Bible and is the only word that shows up in this stem. All of the different forms in the different conjugations have this base form and will have various prefixes and suffixes depending on its usage.

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34.14 What diagnostic forms are the exact same?

1. Perfect, Infinitive Const., Infinitive Absol. are the same

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