Flashcards in Ch. 14 Qal Perfect, Weak (just paradigm hints) Deck (9)
14.3 What happens in the I-Gut, II-Gut paradigms relative to the Strong?
Vocal Shewas under weak consonants (either I-Gut or II-Gut) become reduced to Hateph Pathach. This is the only change.
14.3 What happens in III-ח ע relative to the Strong?
1. The Silent Shewa under guttural of 2fs becomes a Pathach.
2. this form also takes an accent on its second syllable
14.5 What happens in III-א relative to the Strong?
• Sufformative: No Dagesh lene or Shewa
• III-א: Quiescent unless sufformative gives vowel
• Stem vowel: Pathach > Qamets except where SS (3fs, 3cp)
• 2mp, 2fp keep initial VS
14.6 What happens in III-ה relative to the Strong?
1. Root: Drop III-ה
2. Sufformative: No Dagesh Lene or Shewa
3. 3fs adds (תָה)
4. Stem vowel: Hireq Yod in all 2nd 1st person forms
5. 3cp becomes 2 consonants with sufformative; and no Shewa
6. All forms have an initial Qamets except for 2mp, 2fp which has VS (3fs has a metheg)
14.9 What happens in Geminate relative to the Strong?
1. Sufformative: No Dagesh Lene or Shewa
2. 2nd and 1st person: Assimilate change vowels
3. Initial Qamets becomes Pathach in all 2nd and 1st (including 2mp, 2fp)
4. 3rd person forms are normal
What are the patterns for the strong Biconsonantal verbs?
1. Accent the first syllable if word ends in a vowel.
2. 2nd 1st person: Vowels are Pathach + Silent Shewa
3. All 3rd-person forms only have Qamets under the first root consonant (not counting sufformative; this includes the 2mp, 2fp)
(note the sufformative has the Dagesh and preceeding SS)
What are the patterns for the weak Biconsonantal verbs? (those with a Aleph in the second consonant)
1. all forms have Qamets under the first root consonant.
2. Accent the first syllable if word ends in a vowel.
3. The א is quiescent, so no daghesh in initial ת nor Shewa (will only take vowel of sufformative.
If there are only two root consonants
in the Qal Perfect, how to tell what kind of verb it is? For a 1st and 2nd person Verb.
(בָּנִ֫יתִי) if stem vowel is סִי
(סַבּ֫וֹתִי) if stem vowel is סּוֹ
(קַ֫מְתִּי) if stem vowel is סְ
• 3-נ or 3-ת
(כָּרַ֫תִּי) if stem vowel is סַ and has Dagesh in first consonant of the sufformative