Ch. 14 Qal Perfect, Weak (just paradigm hints) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch. 14 Qal Perfect, Weak (just paradigm hints) Deck (9)
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1

14.3 What happens in the I-Gut, II-Gut paradigms relative to the Strong?

Vocal Shewas under weak consonants (either I-Gut or II-Gut) become reduced to Hateph Pathach. This is the only change.

2

14.3 What happens in III-ח ע relative to the Strong?

1. The Silent Shewa under guttural of 2fs becomes a Pathach.
2. this form also takes an accent on its second syllable

3

14.5 What happens in III-א relative to the Strong?

• Sufformative: No Dagesh lene or Shewa
• III-א: Quiescent unless sufformative gives vowel
• Stem vowel: Pathach > Qamets except where SS (3fs, 3cp)
• 2mp, 2fp keep initial VS

4

14.6 What happens in III-ה relative to the Strong?

1. Root: Drop III-ה
2. Sufformative: No Dagesh Lene or Shewa
3. 3fs adds (תָה)
4. Stem vowel: Hireq Yod in all 2nd 1st person forms
5. 3cp becomes 2 consonants with sufformative; and no Shewa
6. All forms have an initial Qamets except for 2mp, 2fp which has VS (3fs has a metheg)

5

14.9 What happens in Geminate relative to the Strong?

1. Sufformative: No Dagesh Lene or Shewa
2. 2nd and 1st person: Assimilate change vowels
בַבּוֹ
3. Initial Qamets becomes Pathach in all 2nd and 1st (including 2mp, 2fp)
4. 3rd person forms are normal

6

What are the patterns for the strong Biconsonantal verbs?

1. Accent the first syllable if word ends in a vowel.
2. 2nd 1st person: Vowels are Pathach + Silent Shewa
3. All 3rd-person forms only have Qamets under the first root consonant (not counting sufformative; this includes the 2mp, 2fp)
(note the sufformative has the Dagesh and preceeding SS)

7

What are the patterns for the weak Biconsonantal verbs? (those with a Aleph in the second consonant)

1. all forms have Qamets under the first root consonant.
2. Accent the first syllable if word ends in a vowel.
3. The א is quiescent, so no daghesh in initial ת nor Shewa (will only take vowel of sufformative.

8

If there are only two root consonants
in the Qal Perfect, how to tell what kind of verb it is? For a 1st and 2nd person Verb.

• 3-ה
(בָּנִ֫יתִי) if stem vowel is סִי
• Geminate
(סַבּ֫וֹתִי) if stem vowel is סּוֹ
• Biconsonantal
(קַ֫מְתִּי) if stem vowel is סְ
• 3-נ or 3-ת
(כָּרַ֫תִּי) if stem vowel is סַ and has Dagesh in first consonant of the sufformative

9

What is the typical form for the weak geminate?

1. 1st and 2nd person are the same as the strong
בַבּוֹ
2. 3rd person is different (there is assimilation; no Holem Waw though)
בַבּ
3. 3fs, 3cp is accented first syllable (still accented on 2ms, 1cs, and 1cp second syllable)

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