Ch. 10; Construct Chain Flashcards Preview

BBH (Mike) > Ch. 10; Construct Chain > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch. 10; Construct Chain Deck (37)
Loading flashcards...
1

How does Hebrew express the "of" idea?

Construct chain

2

How is the construct chain constructed?

Two nouns side by side

3

What is the first of the two nouns in the construct chain called? And in what state is it?

1. construct noun
2. construct state

4

What is the second of the two nouns in the construct chain called? And in what state is it?

1. absolute noun
2. absolute state

5

What form does the absolute noun take

lexical form

6

How many construct and absolute nouns can there be and what is the order?

1. there can be multiple construct nouns, but only one absolute noun

7

What is the order of the construct chain and can there be modifiers?

1. the absolute noun must come last
2. No other words or particles may separate them (except the definite article on the absolute noun)

8

How is definiteness and indefiniteness determined in a construct chain

1. They are either all definite or indefinite
2. only the absolute noun can take the article
3. If the absolute noun is definite so are all the constructs nouns; if it is indefinite so are all the construct nouns

9

Besides the article, what are two other ways that a noun can be definite and how does this effect the construct chain?

1. proper noun and possessive pronoun
2. Even in the absence of the article the above will make the entire chain definite if it is the absolute noun

10

Besides nouns appearing next to each other, how else can the construct chain be constructed?

with the Maqqef
מֶ֫לֶךְ כָּל־הָאָ֫רֶץ
the king /of/ all /of/ the earth

11

Can construct nouns take a inseparable preposition?

yes
בְּבֵית דָּוִד
in the house of david

12

What happens if a word begins with a Dagesh Lene in a begadkephat and an inseparable preposition is added to it?

It loses the Lene, because it is now preceded by a vowel

13

What are the two translations for the construct chain?

of (ex. the son of the king)
's (ex. the king's son)

14

How are adjectives used in a construct chain? Whether it is modifying the construct or absolute noun?

1. It must follow the entire chain
2. It must agree with the noun it modifies in gender, number, and definiteness

15

One example of an adjective with a construct chain

דְּבַר הַמַּלְכָּה הַטּוֹב
"The good word of the queen" (the adjective is masculine singular, modifying the construct noun)

16

A second example of an adjective with a construct chain

דְּבַר הַמַּלְכָּה הַטּוֹבָה
"The word of the good queen" (The adjective is feminine singular, modifying the absolute noun)

17

What if there is uncertainty whether the adjective is modifying the construct or absolute noun?

context

18

How are demonstrative adjectives used in a construct chain? Whether it is modifying the construct or absolute noun?

1. It must follow the entire chain
2. It must agree with the noun it modifies in gender, number, and definiteness

19

What if there is uncertainty whether the demonstrative adjective is modifying the construct or absolute noun?

context

20

How can adjectives be used substantivally in a construct state?

1. They just replace a noun
חֲכַם־לֵב
Wise of heart

21

What happens to the accent to nouns in the construct state? And how does that affect spelling?

1. They lose their accent to the absolute noun
2. Vowels tend to reduce and changes occur in the ending of a construct noun

22

In the construct state, what happens to changeable long vowels in a final closed syllable?

They reduce to a short vowel because the syllable becomes unaccented
בֶּן < בֵּן
מִדְבַּר < מדְבָּר
(with a few words, Tsere reduces to Pathach in a final closed syllable)

23

In the construct state, what happens to changeable long vowels in a open syllable?

They reduce to a Vocal Shew or Hateph Pathach with gutturals because the syllable moves into the propretonic position
נְבִיא < נָבִיא
הֲמוֹן < הָמוֹן

24

In the construct state explain why the following vowels are reduced
דְּבַר < דָּבָר

1. The Qamets reduces to a vocal Shewa because it is now in an open propretonic syllable
2. The Qamets reduces to a Pathach because it is now in a closed unaccented syllable

25

In the construct state explain why the following vowels changes with plural nouns
בִּרְכוֹת < בְּרָכוֹת

1. The Qamets under the Resh reduced to a vocal Shewa
2. The two vocal Shewa contracted to a Hireq - Silent Shewa in accordance with the first rule of Shewa

26

In the construct state, what happens to feminine nouns that end in a Qamets He?

They will change to a Pathach Taw
תּוֹרַת < תּוֹרָה

27

In the construct state, what happens to the masculine plural and dual endings (Hireq Yod Mem)?

They change to Tsere Yod
בְּנֵי < בָּנִים

28

In the construct state, what happens to feminine plural nouns?

They do not change their ending

29

In the construct state, what happens to the masculine nouns ending with Seghol He?

They change to a Tsere He
שְׂדֵה < שָׂדֶה

30

In the construct state, what happens when certain (not all!) singular monosyllabic nouns?

They add a Hireq Yod to their stem (this also occurs when these same nouns take pronominal suffices [9.9]; be careful not to confuse this Hireq Yod with the 1cs pronominal suffix

Decks in BBH (Mike) Class (118):