Ch. 24: Niphal Strong Verbs Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch. 24: Niphal Strong Verbs Deck (16)
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1

24.2 What are the four most common voices associated with the Niphal?

1. Passive (he was heard)
2. Reflexive (he heard himself)
3. Reciprocal (they heard one another)
4. Active (he listened)

2

24.3 The נ prefix is present in every form of the Niphal. In what forms does it show up as an actual Nun?

1. perfect
2. participle
3. one form of the Infinitive Absolute

3

24.3 The נ prefix is present in every form of the Niphal. In what forms does it show up as a Dagesh?

1. Imperfect
2. Imperative, Infinitive Construct
3. Other infinitive Absolute form

4

24.4 What are the differences that are seen in the Niphal Perfect strong compared to the Qal Perfect Strong?

1. Addition of a נִ prefix in every form
2. Every form takes a SS after נִ prefix
[all other vowels and accents are the same]

5

24.4 For now how shold the Niphal Perfect be translated?

1. as a passive
2. with a form of the helping verb "to be" (ie He was killed)

6

24.5 What is the diagnostic form for the Niphal Perfect?

נִקְטַל

7

24.6 What are the differences that are seen in the Niphal Imperfect strong compared to the Qal Imperfect Strong?

1. Nun assimilated as Dagesh in first root consonant
2. First root vowel Qamets in every form (forms with a Shewa stem vowel, the Qamets has a metheg)
3. Stem vowel is Tsere instead of Holem
4. 3/2fp Pathach instead of Holem stem vowel

8

24.7 What is the diagnostic form for the Niphal Imperfect?

יִקָּטֵל

9

24.8 What are the differences that are seen in the Niphal Imperative strong compared to the Qal Imperative Strong?

1. Every preformative begins with Hey Hireq and dagesh in initial consonant (הִקָּטֵל)
2. Initial vowel Qamets (with an addition of metheg for forms with vowel stem with VS) (הִקָּטַַ֫לְנָה)
3. Stem vowels: if end in vowel letter-VS; 2ms Tsere; 2fp Pathach (הִקָּטַ֫לְנָה)

10

24.9 What is the diagnostic form for the Niphal Imperative and Infinitive Construct?

הִקָּטֵל

11

24.11 What are the two possible forms that the Niphal Infinitive Absolute will take?

1. נִקְטוֹל
2. הִקָּטוֹל

12

24.13 What are the differences that are seen in the Niphal Participle strong compared to the Qal Participle Strong?

1. Addition of a נִ prefix in every form
2. Every form takes a SS after נִ prefix
[all other vowels and accents are the same]
3. All forms will have a Qamets stem vowel minus the Segholate fs form

13

Review: What are the semantic possibilities for a conjunction added to the beginning of a verb in the beginning of a clause?

1. sequential
2. temporal
3. logical
4. consequential

14

The conjunction can be used as a disjunctive when attached to a non-verb at the beginning of a clause; what are some of the semantic nuances?

1. parenthetical: provides explanatory information
2. Circumstantial: provides information that relates to the main action
3. Contrastive:
4. Introductory: introduces new narrative, theme, or idea

15

[from video] When is the active voice of the Niphal most often seen?

The most frequently used words often convey the active meaning of the Qal

16

What is a major vocalization of the Niphil?

Hireq, Dagesh, Qamets
(not for Perfect, Participle, or one form of Absolute)

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