Ch. 16: Qal Imperfect Weak Verbs (memorization for test) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch. 16: Qal Imperfect Weak Verbs (memorization for test) Deck (9)
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1

How is the III-ה formed in the Qal Imperfect? (except for the 3fp and 2fp)
בָנָה

1. Hey drops out and Seghol Hey is added to all forms that lack a sufformative (Seghol Yod for 3fp/2fp)
2. All forms have a SS after the preformative (including 3fp/2fp) יִבְנֶה
3. 3fp/2fp have a Seghol Yod after the root and before sufformative (תִּבְנֶ֫ינָה)

2

Gemanite סָבַב (except for the 3fp and 2fp)

1. All preformatives start with a Qamets (Except for 3fp and 2fp which have a VS)
2. All initial vowles are a Holem (Except for 3fp and 2fp which have a Qibbuts)
3. All forms that end in vowel have an accent on first root consonant
4. The forms with a sufformative also have a Dagesh

3

What are the changes for Type 1 I-י Imperfect Weak verbs? (except for the 3fp and 2fp) יָשָׁב

1. The intitial Yod has dropped out in every form
2. Every form takes a Tsere as preformative
3. Any form with a vowel letter sufformative, takes a SS after the preformative all other take a second Tsere
(יֵשֵׁב) (תֵּשְׁבִי)

4

What are the changes for Type 1 I-נ Imperfect Weak verbs? (except for the 3fp and 2fp)
נָפַל

1. The Nun has assimilated in every form
2. Any form with a vowel letter sufformative, takes a SS after the preformative all other take the Holem

5

What are the changes for 3-א Imperfect Weak verbs?
מָצָא

1. Qamets stem vowel for forms without sufformative, those with - take a Shewa (יִמְצָא)
2. Every form takes SS after preformative
3. Twin 3fp, 2fp: have Seghol under stem vowel, and no Shewa under Aleph (תִִּמְצֶ֫אנָה)

6

What is the 3fp/2fp for the:
1-י

תֵּשַׁ֫בְנָה

7

What is the 3fp/2fp for the:
1-נ

תִּפֹּ֫לְנָה

8

What is the 3fp/2fp for the:
Geminate

תְּסֻבֶּ֫ינָה

9

What are the vowel stems for the 5 paradigms in the Qal Imperfect?
1. 3-Aleph; 2. 1-Yod; 3. 1-Nun; 4. Geminate; 3-Hey

1. vowel letter = SS/ Otherwise Qamets
2. vowel letter = SS/ Otherwise Tsere
3. vowel letter = SS/ Otherwise Holem
4. All Holem
5. All SS

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