Flashcards in Ch. 17: Waw Consecutive (Syntax) Deck (16)
What is it called when a Waw is prefixed to a perfect or imperfect verb?
1. consecutive imperfect
2. consecutive perfect
When the Waw is prefixed to an imperfect verb, what is the translational value?
translated as a perfect
17.1 What is the primary use of the waw consecutive?
To denote sequences of consecutive actions in narrative
Is the Waw Consecutive the same thing as the conjunction?
1. No they have different forms and function;
2. The conjunction has the same value as it does with all the other words;
3. verbs can also take the conjunction, so don't confuse the two
17.4 How is a consecutive imperfect used?
• In a past-tense narrative sequence.
17.4 How does a past-tense narrative sequence begin?
1. a perfect verb (with following consecutive Imperfects)
2. Consecutive Imperfect (without the initial perfect)
3. begins with a temporal modifier (וַיְהִי) [Q. Imp. 3ms of הָיָה] followed by a an Imperfect verb with Waw Consecutive
17.4 What are the semantic options for the consecutive Imperfect verb?
17.4 What occasional interrupts a chain of imperfect waw
A perfect verb (often when negated, often with prefix
How is a Perfect verb that is prefixed with the Waw Consecutive translated?
As the values of the Imperfect
17.6 How is the consecutive perfect used?
• In a future tense narrative sequence. (such as prophecy or legal instruction)
17.6 How does a future tense narrative sequence begin?
1. an Imperfect verb (with following consecutive perfects)
2. begins with a temporal modifier (וְהָיָה) [Q. Per. 3ms of הָיָה] followed by a an Perfect verb with Waw Consecutive
3. Imperative (The following perfect waw consecutives carry imperatival)
Infrequently, the Perfect may appear with the regular conjunction and not the Waw Consecutive. How do I determine if it is a Waw consecutive or the conjunction? First option
1. The Perfect verb with the regular conjunction וְ may occur in a short sequence of Perfect Verbs.
2. The first Perfect verb will be regular, the following Perfect verbs may be joined with the regular conjunction
Infrequently, the Perfect may appear with the regular conjunction and not the Waw Consecutive. How do I determine if it is a Waw consecutive or the conjunction? Second Option
1. The Perfect with the regular conjunction may occur in a series of short parallel clauses
2. Both clauses contain a Perfect verb
How should the temporal modifiers (וַיְהִי וְהָיָה) be translated?
1. They are best not translated in interest of good English style
How should a verb be parsed that has a Waw Consecutive?
Qal Waw Consec Conjungation P.G.N. Lexical form,