Ch. 9: Pronominal Suffixes Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch. 9: Pronominal Suffixes Deck (25)
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1

Memory aid for pronominal suffixes:
a י indicates? (generally speaking)

Type 2 suffix
a plural word that the suffix is attached to
(the only exception is 1cs in type 1 takes a Yireq Yod)

2

Memory aid for pronominal suffixes:
a ם indicates?

mp, 2nd or 3rd person

3

Memory aid for pronominal suffixes:
a ן indicates?

fp, 2nd or 3rd person

4

Memory aid for pronominal suffixes:
an ה indicates?

3rd person
(though sometimes this is missing in the plural)

5

Memory aid for pronominal suffixes:
a כ/ך indicates?

2nd person

6

Memory aid for pronominal suffixes:
a נוּ indicates?

1cp

7

Memory aid for pronominal suffixes:
a ךְ indicates?

2nd fs

8

Memory aid for pronominal suffixes:
a ךָ indicates?

2nd ms

9

Memory aid for pronominal suffixes:
a Hireq Yod indicates?

1. 1st cs (in the type 1 category)
2. Some singular (only) monosyllabic nouns add Hireq Yod before a pronominal suffix (note that the type 2 suffixes never take the Hireq Yod)

10

How do possessive and objective pronouns appear?

They appear as suffixes on nouns, propositions, and the definite direct object marker.
(For this reason they are called pronominal sufffixes).

11

How are pronominal suffixes translated when appearing on nouns?

They are possessive
'His book', or 'Her wisdom'

12

How are pronominal suffixes translated when appearing on propositions or the definite direct object marker?

They are objective
'to them', 'for them', or 'them'

13

What kind of nouns do Type 1 and Type 2 suffixes occur with?

Type 1 suffixes occur with singular nouns.
Type 2 suffixes occur with plural nouns.
(with few exceptions)

14

Do all pronominal suffixes have person, gender, and number?

Yes
The first person singular and plural forms are common, meaning not inflected for gender

15

What is the dot in the Het of the 3fs suffix called?

Mappiq
It frequently marks the 3fs suffix

16

What happens when a masculine plural noun takes a suffix?

it will drop the plural ending

17

What happens when a feminine plural that takes masculine plural endings takes a suffix

it will drop the plural ending

18

What happens to nouns that end in ה ֶ and it takes a suffix

They will usually drop the ending before taking a suffix

19

What happens when a feminine noun ends in ה ָ and it takes a suffix

The ה is replaced by a ת

20

What happens when a feminine plural noun takes a suffix?

The plural ending is retained

21

How should the definite direct object marker be translated with a suffix?

1. As in the accusative case

22

How can the definite direct object marker be differentiated from the preposition when it takes a suffix?

1. The Preposition has a Daghesh in the Taw and has a Hireq under the initial consonant
1. The Preposition means "with" and has a Hireq under intial consonant with represents the 'i' in "with"
(The object marker has a Holem after the first consonant, except for 2 mp/fp where it has a Seghol; the Holem stands for object marker)

23

How can עִם be differentiated from עַם when it takes a suffix? (with and people)

1. עִם will take an initial Hireq throughout
2. עַם will take an initial Pathach throughout
Both take a Daghesh in the מ when pronominal suffixes are added.

24

What is a resumptive pronoun?

1. A pronoun within the relative clause that refers back to the noun that the relative clause modifies.
2. They appear as a suffix added onto a preposition (at least in the examples)
(Although resumptive pronouns are common in Hebrew, it is best to omit them in English translation.)

25

Note:

Some feminine nouns are built off of the construct state

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