Issues and Debates Evaluation Flashcards Preview

A Level Psychology > Issues and Debates Evaluation > Flashcards

Flashcards in Issues and Debates Evaluation Deck (18)
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1

Gender Bias-Strengths

+Reflexivity-Researchers are beginning to recognise the effects of their own research-gives people a greater awareness of gender bias
+Feminist Psychology-Women are studied in real life situations

2

Gender Bias-Weaknesses

-Can create negative implications (affect women negatively)
-Sexism in research process-Women are not represented at senior research level-women are not reflected in research questions asked. Also, the lab experiments, females might have an inequitable relationship with male researchers who can label them as irrational and strange

3

Cultural Bias-Strengths

+Due to global communications, the gap between individualism and collectivism style cultures are becoming less of an issue-reduces cultural bias
+Research into cultures challenge assumptions about some cultures

4

Cultural Bias-Weaknesses

-Some cultures are unfamiliar with research conditions and traditions
-Not all behaviour is culture bound, some is universal-we need to look at individuals as well as groups to understand and differentiate between these

5

Determinism-Strengths

+Consistent with the aims of psychology-places psychology up with established sciences
+High value research-lead to the development of treatments,therapies and interventions

6

Determinism-Weaknesses

-Hard Determinism-not consistent with the legal system
-Unfalsifable-Cannot be proved wrong-makes it less scientific

7

Free Will-Strengths

+Has face validity as it makes cognitive sense
+If we think we have free will, it could positively effect on our mind and behaviour

8

Free Will-Weaknesses

-Neurological studies claim that all decisions are decided and determined by the brain before we are aware of them

9

Holism-Strengths

+Can be used to study behaviour in a group
+Provides a global understanding of behaviour

10

Holism-Weaknesses

-Vague and Speculative as they become more complex
-Can't be used to solve real world problems

11

Reductionism-Strength

+Easy to test behaviours

12

Reductionism-Weaknesses

-Oversimplified complex behaviours
-Only forms part of an explanation

13

Idiographic-Strengths

+Complete and global account of the individual
+Can create universal theories

14

Idiographic-Weaknesses

-Narrow and restricted
-Case studies can be generalised
-Uses less scientific approaches

15

Nomothetic-Strengths

+Uses scientific approaches
+Can establish "norms"-makes psychology more credible

16

Nomothetic-Weaknesses

-"loss of the whole person"-People are treated like scores and data,not as people
-Overlooks human experience

17

Ethical Implications of Research-Strengths

+Socially sensitive research can benefit society-for example, reducing prejudice

18

Ethical Implications of Research-Weaknesses

-Findings can be misinterpreted and or abused-use to manipulate public
-Difficult to predict the implications of research
-Can be used for social control