Psychopathalogy Key Terms Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Psychopathalogy Key Terms Deck (19)
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1

Statistical Infrequency

Occurs when an individual has a less common characteristic than most of the population

2

Deviation from Social Norms

Concerns behaviour that is different from the accepted standards of behaviour in a community or society

3

Failure to Function Adequately

Occurs when someone is unable to cope with ordinary demands of day to day living

4

Deviation from Ideal Mental Health

Occurs when someone does not meet a set of criteria for good mental health

5

Phobias

An irrational fear of an object or situation

6

Behavioural

Ways in which people act

7

Emotional

Ways in which people feel

8

Cognitive

Refers to the process of thinking

9

Depression

A mental disorder characterized by low mood and low energy levels

10

OCD

A condition characterized by obsessions and/or compulsive behaviour

11

Systematic Desensitization

A behaviour therapy designed to reduce an unwanted response to a stimulus. It involves drawing up a hierarchy of anxiety provoking situations related to the stimulus,teaching the patient to relax,and then exposing them to the stimulus. They work their way through the hierarchy whilst maintaining relaxation

12

Flooding

A behaviour therapy in which the phobic is exposed to an extreme form of a phobic stimulus in order to reduce anxiety triggered by that stimulus

13

Negative Triad

Proposed by Beck, there are three kinds of negative thinking that contributed to depression. Negative views of the world, the future and the self. These views lead someone to interpret their experiences negatively, and make them more vulnerable to depression

14

ABC Model

Proposed by Ellis. Depression occurs when an activating event triggers an irrational belief, which produces a consequence

15

Cognitive Behaviour Therapy

A method of treating mental disorders based on both cognitive and behaviour techniques. The therapy aims to deal with thinking, such as challenging negative thoughts

16

Irrational Thoughts

Thoughts that are likely to interfere with a person's happiness. These thoughts can lead to mental disorders, such as depression

17

Genetic Explanation

Genes make up chromosomes and consist of DNA which codes the physical features of an organism, and psychological factors. Genes are inherited

18

Neural Explanation

The view that physical and psychological characteristics are determined by the behaviour of the nervous system,in particular the brain as well as individual neurons

19

Drug Therapy

Treatment involving drugs. The drugs normally affect neurotransmitter levels