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A Level Psychology > Approaches Evaluation > Flashcards

Flashcards in Approaches Evaluation Deck (12)
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-Scientific Credibility- Uses scientific method, lab experiments
-Real Life Applications- Behaviourist techniques can be used for Token Economy or phobia treatment



-Mechanistic view of behaviour- no cognitive insight into behaviour
-Enviromentally Determinist


Social Learning Theory-Strengths

-Provides a more comprehensive explanation of learning as it recognises cognitive factors in the learning processes
-Explains cultural differences in behaviour


Social Learning Theory-Weaknesses

-Over reliant on evidence from lab studies- Evidence may not show how people learn- Demand Characteristics could occur
-Underestimates biological factors on behaviour


Cognitive Approach- Strength

-Uses scientific and objective methods- the use of lab studies- Credible and scientific theory


Cognitive Approach-Weaknesses

-Machine reductionist- ignores human emotion and motivation on cognitive processes
-Lacks external validity- studies are using unrealistic stimuli that does not represent everyday cognitive processes


Biological Approach-Strength

-Scientific methods of investigation- Uses brain scans, drug trials and family or twin studies- Approach is based on reliable data
-Real life application- Understanding of biological processes help to the development of drugs to cure depression


Biological Approach-Weakness

-Casual Connections- for some idea, the biological approach claims to discover causes of things, but it has only discovered an association
-Determinist view of behaviour- All behaviour is due to biology


Psychodynamic Approach-Strengths

-Explanatory Power-The theory has been used to explain a wide range of behaviours, and has made people focus on their parental relationships in childhood and what effects that has on their later life
-Practical Application-Can be used in Psychoanalysis, a form of therapy


Psychodynamic Approach-Weaknessess

-Case Study Methods-Freud based his theory on case studies and individuals that used Freud as their therapist. His interpretations are biased for Freud's ideas- Less scientific and biased
-Untestable Concepts-Because the ideas of this theory all occurs in the subconscious mind, the theory cannot be proved or disproved. This makes this theory a Pseudoscience (Fake science)


Humanistic Approach-Strengths

-Not Reductionist- Behaviour is broken up into smaller components. Humanists advocate Holism. This approach may be more valid than the other approaches as it considers behaviour in everyday concepts
-Positive Approach- The approach "Brings the human back into psychology". It offers a optimistic approach, seeing all people as good, have free will and free to work to their lives achievements


Humanistic Approach-Weaknesses

-Limited Application- Can only be used in counselling or to increase motivation in a work place, but cannot really be used in any other situation-Due to it lacking sound evidence and the approach being a set a concepts, not a comprehensive theory
-Untestable Concepts- Approach is a set of ideas and difficult to test. It has been described as anti-scientific