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Flashcards in Comparison of Approaches Deck (36)
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1

Behaviourism-Development

No stage theory of development as learning can occur at any time

2

Behaviourism-Nature vs Nurture

Born as "blank slate". All behaviour is learned via associations

3

Behaviourism-Reductionism

Behaviour is broken down into stimulus-response

4

Behaviourism-Determinism

All behaviour is environmentally determined from external influences

5

Behaviourism-Explanation and Treatments

Abormity is caused by maladaptive learning in which destructive patterns are learned
There is a symptom based approach to treating it-Systematic Desensitization

6

Behaviourism-Adding to Psychology as a science

Research is done in a lab-very controlled and scientific

7

SLT-Development

No stage theory of development as learning can occur at any time

8

SLT-Nature vs Nuture

We are born as a "blank slate". All behaviour is learned by observation and imitation

9

SLT-Reductionism

Learning is broken down into a handful of key processes,but place emphasis on cognitive factors

10

SLT-Determinism

Reciprocal determinism-influence by environmental,we exert some influence upon the behaviours we choose to perform

11

SLT-Explanation and Treatment

Modelling and observation of a destructive role model can create destructive behaviours

12

SLT-Adding to Psychology as a science

Over reliant on lab studies, very controlled. Can be studied in a field experiment as well. It is scientific

13

Cognitive-Development

Has stage theories

14

Cognitive-Nature vs Nuture

Schemas and processing ability is inmate,but is constantly refined by experience

15

Cognitve-Reductionism

People are information processing systems. The theory can be machine reductionist

16

Cognitive-Determinism

We choose our thoughts and beliefs,but they operate within the limits of what we know and have experienced

17

Cognitive-Explanation and Treatment

CBT can be used to treat depression. It's aim is to identify and eradicate faulty thinking which causes disorders

18

Cognitive-Adding to Psychology as a science

Lab conditions uses technology to understand the brain. It is scientific

19

Biological-Development

Genetically determined changes in physiology which can influence psychological and behavioural characteristics

20

Biological-Nature vs Nuture

All behaviour is inherited from our parents "Anatomy is destiny"

21

Biological-Reductionism

All behaviour is due to genes are neurons. Biologically reductionist

22

Biological-Determinism

Much of our behaviour is directed by inmate influences. Genetic determinism

23

Biological-Explanation and Treatment

Disorders are caused by chemical imbalances. This is treated by drug therapy

24

Biological-Adding to Psychology as a science

Uses scientific methods like brain scans and EEGs

25

Psychodymanic-Development

Process and concepts relate to psychosocial stages which are age dependent. There is no development once in genital stage

26

Psychodyamic-Nature vs Nurture

Much of behaviour is driven by biological instincts. Parents relationship plays a role in development

27

Psychodyamic-Reductionism

Behaviour is influenced by instincts and drives
Personality is a complex interaction between id,ego and superego

28

Psychodyamic-Determinism

Psychic determinism. We don't know the unconscious forces that drive out behaviour and is rationalized by conscious

29

Psychodyamic-Explanation and Treatment

Unconscious conflict and overuse of ego defends mechanisms cause disorders. Treatment can be provided by therapy via psychoanalysis

30

Psychodyamic-Adding to Psychology as a science

As all behaviour is unconscious, this is untestable. Not scientific