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Flashcards in Mod 29 Deck (42)
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1

intelligence tests are a series of questions and other exercises which attempt to asses people's … in a way that generates a …, so that one person can be compared to another

mental abilities; numerical score

2

intelligence can be defined as whatever …

intelligence tests measure

3

intelligence is skills that are needed to do well .. such as memories, processing speed

academically

4

the text defines intelligence as the ability to learn from .., … and use knowledge to …

experience; solve problems; adapt to new situations

5

Charles spearman performed a … of different skills and found that people who did well in one area also did well in another. spearman speculated that these people had a high … (…)

factor analysis; g; general intelligence

6

factor analysis refers to a statistical technique that determines how different variables …; for example whether they form … that tend to vary together

relate to each other; clusters

7

crystallized knowledge: things that you learn due to

experience

8

fluid knowledge: ability to become … to new things and use older skills for …

adaptive; new problems

9

Lous Thurstone disagreed with the idea of one general measure and trait of overall intelligence. thurstone found that the results of 56 skill tests fell into … However, further analysis showed that people who were strong in one cluster tended to be ..

7 clusters; strong in other clusters

10

Thurstone's seven clusters of abilities:
1. …
2. … reasoning
3. …
4. …
5. …
6. .. speed
7. … ability

verbal comprehension; inductive; word fluency; spatial ability; memory; perceptual; numerical

11

The "savant syndrome" refers to having isolated … of … amidst a sea of below-average … and … functioning

islands; high ability; cognitive; social

12

Howard Gardner's Multiple Intelligences:
Howard Gardner noted that different people have …/… in different … Research and factor analysis suggests hatt here may be a .. among these intelligences

intelligence; ability; areas; correlation

13

Howard Gardenr's eight intelligences
1. …
2. …
3. …
4. …
5. …
6. …
7. …
8. …

naturalist; linguistic; logical-mathetical; musical; spatial; bodily-kinesthetic; intrapersonal; interpersonal

14

"success in life" is impossible to define. however, wealth tends to be related to … plus focused daily effort/practice, taking 10 yrs to achieve success-level expertise, social support and …, …, and energetic persistence (grit)

intelligence test scores; connections; hard work

15

Robert Sternberg proposed that success in life is related to three types of ability:
…, …, and … intelligence

practical; analytical; creative

16

practical intelligence: … and … that help to complete the tasks and manage the complex challenges of everyday life

expertise; talent

17

analytical intelligence: solving a well-defined problem with a ...

single answer

18

creative intelligence: generating … to help adapt to ..

new ideas; novel situations

19

Spearman's general intelligence summary: a … predicts our abilities in varied academic areas
other considerations: human abilities are too … to be encapsulated by a single general intelligence factor

basic intelligence; diverse

20

thurstone's primary mental abilities summary: our intelligence may be broken down into … factors: word fluency, verbal comprehension, spatial ability, perceptual speed, numerical ability, inductive reasoning, and memory
other considerations: even thurstone's seven mental abilities show a tendency to cluster, suggesting an underlying ...

seven factors; g factor

21

gardner's multiple intelligences summary: our abilities are best classified into …, which include a broad range of skills beyond traditional school smarts
other considerations: should all of our abilities be considered intelligences? shouldn't some be called less vital …?

eight independent intelligences; talents

22

sternbert's trarchic summary: our intelligence is best classified into … areas that predict …: analytical creative and practical
other considerations:
1. these three facets may be less .. than Sternberg thought and may actually share an underlying …
2. additional testing is needed to determine whether these facets can reliably predict success

three; real-world success; independent; g factor

23

creativity refers to the ability to produce ideas that are … and …

novel; valuable

24

convergent thinking is a .. brain activity involving …

left; zeroing in on a single correct answer

25

creativity uses … thinking, the ability to generate new ideas, new actions, and multiple options and answers

divergent

26

Robert Sternberg's five components of creativity:
1.. …
2. … personality
3. …
4. …
5 … thinking

creative environment; venturesome; intrinsic motivation; expertise; imaginative

27

creative environment: having …, …,... and … and … to think

support; feedback; encouragement; time; space

28

venturesome personality: tending to seek out new … despite …, …, and …

experiences; risk; ambiguity; obstacles

29

intrinsic motivation: enjoying the pursuit of … and …, without needing … or ...

interests; challenge; external direction; rewards

30

expertise: possessing a well-developed base of

knowledge