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Flashcards in Mod 6 Deck (27)
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1

the cerebral cortex consists of: outer grey bark structure that is ... in order to create more .. for 20+ billion neurons
inner white stuff- ... linking parts of the brain
180 + billion ... cells, which ... and ... neurons and assist ...

wrinkled; surface area; axons; glial; feed; protect; neural transmission

2

(lobes of cerebral cortex) frontal lobes: involved in ... and ... and in making ... and ...

speaking; muscle movements; plans; judgments

3

(lobes of cerebral cortex) parietal lobes: include the

sensory cortex

4

(lobes of cerebral cortex) occipital lobes: include the ... areas; they receive ... information from the ...

visual; visual; opposite visual field

5

(lobes of cerebral cortex) temporal lobes: include the ... areas; ...

auditory processing; memory

6

the motor and sensory strips:
output- ... cortex (left hemisphere section controls the body's ... side)
input- ... cortex (left hemisphere section receives input from the body's ...)

motor; right; sensory; right side

7

body parts needing more precise sensation or control take up more

cortical space

8

the occipital lobe deals with ... information. auditory information is sent to the ... lobe

visual; temporal

9

when a person has hallucinations an fMRI scan shows the same ... in the ... as when a person looks at a photograph

increased activity; visual cortex

10

more complex animals have more cortical space devoted to .../... ...

integrating/associating information

11

the relative proportion of the cortex devoted to taking in sensory information and sending out motor commands is ... as the association areas are ... (a ... correlation)

smaller; larger; negative

12

the frontal lobes are active in ... functions such as ..., ..., and ... of ...

executive functions; judgment; planning; inhibition; impulses

13

the frontal lobes are also active in the use of ... and the processing of ...

working memory; new memories

14

phineas gage: case study- in a work accident, a metal rod shot up through phineas gage's skull, destroying his eye and part of his ... after healing, he was able to function in many ways, but his ... changed; he was rude, odd, irritable, and unpredictable.
possible explanation: damage to the frontal lobes could result in loss of the ability to ... and to ...

frontal lobes; personality; suppress impulses; modulate emotions

15

parietal lobe has many functions in the association areas behind the sensory strip:
managing ... from multiple senses
performing ... and ... reasoning
monitoring the sensation of ...

input; spatial; mathematical; movement

16

temporal lobe:
some abilities managed by association areas in this 'by the temples' lobe include:
recognizing specific ...
managing ... input related to .., which helps the understanding of ...

faces; sensory; sound; spoken words

17

whole brain association activity involves complex activities which require ... among ... across the brain such as: ..., ..., ..., ... and ..., ...

communication; association areas; memory; language; attention; meditation; spirituality; consciousness

18

visual cortex: receives ... as visual stimulation
angular gyrus: transforms visual representations into an ...
wernicke's area: ...
broca's area: controls ... via the ...
motor cortex: ...

written words; auditory code; interprets auditory code; speech; motor cortex; word is pronounced

19

plasticity: the brain is ...
if the brain is damaged, especially in the general association areas of the cortex--the brain does nor repair ..., but it can ...
it can form new ..., ... existing networks, and insert..., some grown from stem cells

flexible; neurons; restore some functions; connections; reassign; neurons;

20

lateralization: going to one side; the two hemispheres serve some different functions. how do we know about these differences?
... revealed many functions of the hemisphere
... and ... studies show more about the functions of the two hemispheres, and how they ... with each other

brain damage studies; brain scans; split brain; coordinate

21

left hemisphere deals with:
... and ...
... such as "trees"
language: ... and ...
... and ...
...
... and ...

thoughts; logic; details; words; definitions; linear; literal; calculation; pieces; details

22

right hemisphere deals with:
... and ...
... such as "forest"
language: ..., ..., ...
... and ...
...
..., including the ...

feelings; intuition; big picture; tone; inflection; context; inferences; associations; perception; wholes; self

23

to end severe whole-brain seizures, some people had had surgery to cut the ...- a band of ... connecting the hemispheres

corpus callosum; axons

24

each hemisphere controls the ... of the body and is aware of the ... on that opposite side

opposite side; visual field

25

without the corpus callosum, the halves of the body and the halves of the visual field ...

do not work together

26

only the left half of the brain has enough ... to express its thoughts out loud

verbal ability

27

each hemisphere does not perceive what each ... sees. instead, it perceives the half of the view in front of you that goes with the half of the ... that is controlled by that hemisphere

eye; body