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Flashcards in Mod 26 Deck (57)
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1

if we remembered everything, maybe we could not … the important memories

prioritize

2

if we remembered everything we might have difficulty thinking … and making … if our brain was devoted to compiling isolated bits of info

abstractly; connections

3

what leads to forgetting?
brain …
… failure
… decay
… failure

… forgetting

damage; encoding; storage; retrieval; interference; motivated

4

Jill Price has hyperthymesia; she not only recalls .., but is unable to …

everything; forget anything

5

Another possible problem if we were unable to forget: we might not … because of intrusive memories

focus well on current stimuli

6

In 1953, the removal of Henry Molaison (H.M)'s … at age 27 ended his seizures, but also ended his ability to form new … memories

hippocampus; explicit

7

H.M. could learn new …, …, … of objects, and …,, but had no memory of the lessons/instructors. He also retained memories from before …

skills; procedures; locations; games; the surgery

8

different types of memory correspond to

different parts of the brain

9

retrograde amnesia refers to the inability to

retrieve memory of the past

10

"H.M" and "Jimmy" suffered from hippocampus damage and removal causing … amnesia, an inability to form …

anterograde; new long-term declarative memories

11

H.M and Jimmy had no sense that … had passed since the brain damage. While they were not forming new declarative memories, … was still happening in other processing "tracks"

time; encoding

12

Jimmy and H.M. could still learn how to … (… processing), could learn new … (… memory), and acquire … However, they could not remember any … which created these implicit memories;

get places; automatic; skills; procedural; conditioned responses; experiences

13

with retrograde amnesia, memories closer to the injury are … than those that were formed much longer prior to the injury

weaker

14

the two types of amnesia: … and … amnesia

retrograde; anterograde

15

retrograde amnesia refers to an inability to … memory of the ..

retrieve; past

16

anterograde amnesia refers to an inability to form …

new long-term declarative/explicit memories

17

retrograde amnesia can be caused by … or … and is often … it can also be caused by more …; in that case, it may include anterograde amnesia

head injury; emotional trauma; temporary; severe braind amage

18

H.M. and Jimmy lived with no memories of life

after surgery

19

Material encoded into long term memory will … if the memory is never used, recalled and re-stored

decay

20

Decay is LTP in reverse (or like pruning). Unused connections and networks … while well-used memory traces are …

wither; maintained

21

Decay tends to … Memory for both nonsense syllables and Spanish lessons decays rapidly. However, what hasn't decayed quickly tends to stay intact …

level off; long-term

22

Sometimes, the memory itself does not decay. Instead, what decays are the ...and … that help us find our way to the stored memory. As a result, some stored memories seem jjust below the surface

associations; links

23

to prevent retrieval failure when storing and rehearsing memories, you can build …, linking images, rhymes, categories, lists, and cues

multiple associations

24

Another downside of not forgetting is that old and new memories can … with each other, making it difficult to .. new memories and … old ones

interfere; store; retrievw

25

Occasionally, the opposite of interference happens. In …, old information makes it easier to learn related new information

positive transfer

26

Proactive interference occurs when … information interferes (in a forward-acting way) with .. .

past info; learning new info

27

interference is not

amnesia

28

retroactive interference occurs when … interferes with the storage and retrieval of...

new stimuli/learning; previously formed memories

29

in one study, students who studied right before eight hours of sleep had better … than those who studied before eight hours of daily activities. the daily activities … with the morning's learning

recall; retroactively interfered

30

Memory is fallible and changeable, but can we practice …, that is, choosing to forget or to change our memories?

motivated forgetting