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Flashcards in Mod 25 Deck (19)
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1

primary: triggering which memories

get used

2

serial position effect: … and … effects on what is most easily recalled

primacy; recency

3

recall: some people, through practice, visual strategies, or biological differences, have the ability to store and recall thousands of … or .., reproducing them later
recognition: the avg person can view .. new faces and places, and later can notice with … percent accuracy which ones they've seen before
relearning: some people are unable to form new memories, especially of …; although they would not recall a puzzle-solving lesson, they might still solve the puzzle… each lesson

words; digits; 2500; 90; episodes; faster

4

our storage and recall capacity is virtually …

unlimited

5

our capacity for recognition is greater than our capacity for

recall

6

relearning can highlight that memories are there even if we can't

recall forming them

7

in the late 1800s, Hermann Ebbinghaus studied another measure of memory functioning: how much time did it take to … and regain … of material?

relearn; mastery

8

Ebbinghaus studied the memorization of … so that … of processing or … would not be a factor. the more he rehearsed out loud ond ay 1, the less time he needed to relearn/ memorize the same letters on day 2

nonsense syllables; depth; prelearning

9

memory is stored as a … of associations: …, …, …

web; conceptual; contextual; emotional

10

priming: retrieval is affected by activating our

associations

11

priming triggers a thread of associations that bring us to a …, our minds work by having one idea ..; this maintains a flow of thought

concept; trigger another

12

priming has been called … because it affects us …

invisible memory; unconsciously

13

we may have … and … stored in memory that also influence our choices

biases; assoications

14

context-dependent memory: part of the web of associations of a memory is the …

context

15

we retrieve a memory more easily when in the … as when we formed the memory

same context

16

state-dependent memory: our memories are not just linked to the external context in which we learned them. they can also be tied to the … we were in when we formed the memory

emotional state

17

mood-congruent memory refers to the tendency to … that are consistent with one's current mood --> this biased memory then ..

selectively recall details; reinforces our current modo

18

memories can be linked to. ..

physiological states

19

priming and context cues are not the only factors which make memory retrieval selective. the serial position effect refers tot he tendency, when learning information in a long list, to more likely recall the .. items (… effect) and the ...items (… effect)

first; primacy; last; recency