Mod 31 Flashcards Preview

psych > Mod 31 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Mod 31 Deck (27)
Loading flashcards...
1

Studies of Twins raised apart and together indicate that both … and … affect intelligence test scores

nature; nurture

2

When you see variation in intelligence between two or more people, the … fo that trait is the amount of … that is apparently explained by genetic factors

heritability; variation

3

Heritability does NOT tell us the … that genes contribute to the trait for any …

proportion; one person

4

With identical nurture, the heritability of intelligence would be virtually

100 percent

5

identical twins seem to show similarity in specific .. such as .., …, and …

talents; music; math; sports

6

the brains of twins show similar … and …

structure; functioning

7

there are specific genes which may have a small influence on

ability

8

In another study, heritability of intelligence test scores continued to

increase beyond age 16

9

environment has more influence on intelligence under extreme conditions such as .., …, or ...

abuse; neglect; extreme poverty

10

.. has a larger impact on compensating for deprivation than on boosting intelligence under normal conditions

tutored human enrichment

11

preschool and elementary school clearly have at least a … impact on intelligence test scors

temporary

12

college can have a positive impact on intelligence test scores if students have:
… and ..
belief that people can …
… skills, especially the willingness to practice

motivation; incentives; improve; study

13

boys are more likely than girls to be at the .. or … end of the intelligence test score spectrum

high; low

14

girls tend to be better at …, locating …, and detecting … They also tend to be more … fluent, and more sensitive to …, … and …

spelling; objects; emotions; verbally; touch; taste; color

15

boys tend to better at handling … and complex …

spatial reasoning; math problems

16

it is a myth that boys generally do better in math than girls. girls do at least as well as boys in overall math performance and especially in

math computation

17

the bell curve for African American intelligence test scores is centered at … For non-African Americans, the average is ..

85; 100

18

group differences, including intelligence test score differences between so-called "racial groups" can be caused by … factors

environmental

19

racial categories are not distinct … and are …

genetically; unscientific

20

both "whites" and "blacks" have higher intelligence test scores than … of the …

whites; 1930s

21

whites may have more access to fertile soil for developing their potential, such as:
… and … opportunities, …, …, … and … mentors, relative freedom from ..

schools; educational; wealth; nutrition; support; educated; discrimination

22

Test makers must prevent "bias" in the popular sense of the words: making it easier for one group than another to

score high on ak test

23

test makers also strive to prevent the scientific form of bias: making it easier for one group than for another to have their abilities …, and their future performance predicted

accurately assessed

24

examples of …: blacks scored higher when tested by blacks rather than whites; blacks did worse when reminded of their racial/ethnic id right before the test; women did worse on math tests than men except when they're first told that women do as well as men

stereotype threat

25

stereotype threat refers to a feeling that one will be evaluated based on a

negative stereotype

26

stereotype threat may interfere with performance by making people use their working memory for … instead of ...

worrying; thinking

27

this worry from stereotype threat is ../…: the effect of minority status on performance is … by worry about the effect

self-confirming/fulfilling; worsened