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Flashcards in Mod 7 Deck (21)
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1

Consciousness is:
...; being … vs being …
…; the ability to think about ..
having …; being able to make a "..." decision
a person's …, …, and …
to explore the nature of consciousness, it helps to first choose a definition

alertness; awake; unconscious; self-awareness; self; free will; conscious; mental content; thoughts; imaginings

2

in text, consciousness is defined as "our awareness of … and our …"
Aren't animals aware of their environment? If so, is our awareness of different? Possibly because we have (uniquely?) a narrative experience of that awareness

ourselves; environment

3

psychology was once defined as the description and explanation of states of …
now, it is just one topic among many for psychologists. … allows us to revisit this topic and see how the brain is involved

consciousness; cognitive neuroscience

4

(Forms of consciousness: )
some occur …: …, …, …

spontaneously; daydreaming; drowsiness; dreaming

5

(Forms of consciousness: ) some are … induced: …, …, … or …

physiologically; hallucinations; orgasm; food; oxygen starvation

6

(Forms of consciousness: ) some are … induced (the one that doesn't have the sexual component): …, …, …

psychologically; sensory deprivation; hypnosis; meditation

7

Finding: some rare unconscious patients have … responses to … --> implication: don't judge a book by its cover when it comes to consciousness

brain; conversation

8

one view: synchronized, coordinated … generates consciousness, or at least is a sign that … is occurring

brain activity; conscious activity

9

conscious vs. unconscious activity: the dual-track mind
conscious 'high' track:
our minds take … actions we … we are doing
examples: …, …, …

deliberate; know; problem solving; naming an object; defining a word

10

conscious vs. unconscious activity: the dual-track mind
unconscious 'low' track:
our minds perform …, often … of them
ex: …, acquiring …, processing … details into … and …

automatic actions; without being aware; walking; phobias; sensory; perceptions; memories

11

automatic processing:
conscious 'high' track says, "I saw a bird!"
Unconsciously, we see: …, …, …, and ...

color; motion; form; depth

12

unusual consequences of having a dual-track mind:


...: …, …, …

blindsight; selective attention; selective inattention: inattentional blindness, change blindness, choice blindness

13

(Blindsight)
case study: a woman with brain damage, but no …, was unable to use her eyes to … what was in front of her. BUT, she was able to use her eyes to help her take actions such as … What are the two mental 'tracks' in this case?
Describing the mail and the slot: the "..." or … track, in this case known as the … track
judging size and distance well enough to put the mail in the slot: the '...' or …, … track, in this case known as the … track

eye damage; report; putting mail in slots; high road; conscious; visual perception; low road; unconscious; automatic; visual action

14

(selective attention) there are millions of bits of information coming at our senses every second. so, we have the skill of ..; our brain is able to choose a … and select what we …

selective attention; focus; notice

15

(selective attention) the good news: we can focus our mental spotlight on a conversation even when other conversations are going on around us. this is known as the …
the bad news: we can … on a conversation while driving a car, putting the driver and passengers at risk

cocktail party effect; hyperfocus

16

selective attention is what we … on, what we …
selective inattention is what we .. on, what we …

focus; notice; are not focused; do not notice

17

selective inattention refers to our failure to notice part of our … when our attention is …

environment; directed elsewhere

18

selective inattention:
..., …, and … blindness

inattentional; change; choice

19

Inattentional blindness: various experiments show that when our attention is .., we miss seeing what others may think is … to see
some "magic" tricks take advantage of this phenomenon

focused; obvious

20

change blindness: two-thirds of people didn't notice when the person they were giving directions to was replaced by a …

similar-looking person

21

choice blindness: in one experiment, people chose their favorite among two jams, but when the jar's contents were deceptively reversed and tasted again, people described the … as their chosen jam.

same jar's contents