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U3 HHD: Understanding Australia's Health > Asthma > Flashcards

Flashcards in Asthma Deck (23)
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1

Define: asthma

condition characterised by inflammation of the airways in response to certain triggers

2

examples of triggers?

• Triggers include pollen, pet hair, cigarette smoke, physical activity, colds and flue.

3

what happens when exposed to triggers

asthma attack

4

what happens during an asthma attack

o Muscle surrounding airways tightens,, mucus builds up, and airway lining becomes swollen and red.
o People struggle to fill their lungs, might cough and wheeze, and find it hard to breathe.

5

asthma attacks can lead to

respiratory arrest (when a person stops breathing)

6

is there a cure?

no

7

how is it managed?

by reliever - eg. ventolin

8

when does asthma occur?

any life stage, most likely childhood.

9

why is asthma an nhpa?

• Contributes significantly to burden of disease (particularly YLD, as it has a low mortality rate but can cause significant disability)
• Contribute significant cost to both individuals and communities: often requires hospitalisation and medications (Ventolin)

10

direct costs to indv?

• Ambulance transport for asthma attacks/respiratory arrest
• Patient co-payments for Ventolin and other medications
• Potential patient co-payments for doctor/specialist services

11

indirect costs to comm?

• Medicare contribution doctor/specialist appointments
• PBS contributions for essential medicines eg. Ventolin
• Funding for health promotion programs eg. The Sensitive Choice program

12

indirect csots to indv?

• Lost income
• Cost of carers (esp for young children and older adults)

13

intangible costs to comm?

• Loss of productivity
• Lost tax revenue
o Due to parents staying home from work to look after sick kids.

14

intangible costs to indv?

• Stress of having asthma attacks, and increased anxiety of attacks become more frequent/severe than ususal
• Missing school
• Frustration at not being able to participate in physical/social activities (like scuba diving, school sport)

15

intangible costs to comm?

• Stress and anxiety for family and friends of young children/elderly (esp if they live alone)

16

behavioural dets?

Tobacco smoking
• Generally increases risk of asthma

17

social dets?

Low SES
• More likely
• Due to higher smoking rates, increased exposure to environmental tobacco smoke
Early life experiences
• If mother smokes during pregnancy/infancy, child is esp. likely to develop it.

18

phsyical environment dets?

Air quality
• Air pollution is a risk factor
Work environment
• Exposure to pollutants increases risk
Housing
• Inadequate ventilation  increase indoor pollution  increase asthma risk
Exposure to environmental tobacco smoke

19

biological dets?

Body weight
• Higher risk of developing asthma
Genetic predisposition
• Increased chance if family members have
Sex
• Up to age 15, males more likely to develop asthma
Age
• Most common for 0-24 year olds

20

health promotion program?

the sensitive choice program

21

who?

developed and implemented by the NACA, ran in conjunction with NZAF.

22

aims?

 Encourage manufacturers to produce producst with low irritant/allergy risk
 Enable consumers to identify products with low risk of triggering asthma/allergies, and to improve their health in this way.

23

how?

 Manufacturers submit product to the Product Advisary Panel of the NACA
 NACA will accept if it has low irritant/allergy risk. If accepted, manufacturers pay a fee to use the Sensitive Choice logo in advertising.
 Consumers see the label (indicating low irritant/allergy content, leading to reduce risk of asthma symptoms and allergic reactions) – enabling them to make choices to protect wellbeing.