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U3 HHD: Understanding Australia's Health > Mental health > Flashcards

Flashcards in Mental health Deck (29)
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1

Define: mental health?

see part 1

2

Mental health is more than

lack of mental illness

3

can mh be affected by many factors?

yes

4

mental illness is

broad term for a range of psychological conditions that significantly interfere with a person’s cognitive, emotional and/or social development

5

can mi be short or long term?

yes

6

mi is often caused by

chemical imbalance in the brain, which can alter how a person perceives the world

7

does mi often require treatment? what type?

yes, medication, therapy, hospitaliation

8

2 most common mi's?

anxiety and dpressrsion

9

define: anxiety

characterised by feelings of worry/nervousness when faced with a threat, danger or stress. Involves physiological changes characteristic of the fight-flight response.

10

can anxiety be experienced by everyone from time to time and can be a good thing/

yes

11

when's anxiety bad

when it causes irrationality/interference iwth daily life

12

types of anxiety?

GAD, OCD, PTSD, specific phobia, social phobia, panic disorder.

13

define: depression

more than just feeling sad – serious affective disorder caused by chemical imbalances in the brain that last for extended periods.

14

symptoms of dperession?

ongoing feelings of sadness, loss of weight and appetite, loss of interest and pleasure in normal activities, inability to concentrate

15

why is mental health an nhpa?

• Major contributor of BOD. Particularly, YLL as it can cause impairments in functioning.
• Risk factor for alcohol and drug misuse, and suicide.
• There is potential for significant improvements in mental health to be made. Prevention/treatment strategies eg. medication/therapy can be extremely effective in managing condition.

16

direct costs to indv?

• Copayments for medications eg antidepressants and anti-anxiety medication
• Copayments for counselling

17

direct costs to comm?

• Medicare contribution to doctors and psychologists(?).
• PBS contributions for antidepressants/anti-anxiety medication
• Health promotion programs such Headspace

18

indirect costs to indv?

• Paying for services if unable to do daily activities
• Lost income when unable to work

19

indirect costs to comm?

If not working
• Social security payments
• Loss of productivity

20

intangible costs to indv?

• Loss of participation in normal activities
• Hospitalisation  loneliness and despair

21

intangible costs to comm?

• Taking time out too look after sufferer
• Children looking after parents – less time for school, friends and sport,
• Anxiety for related ones undergoing treatment

22

biological dets?

Chemical imbalance
• Brain chemicals affect mood
• Deficiency in serotonin  depression
Genetic predisposition:
• more likely if another family member has
Body weight
• obesity  mental illness
• Mental illness  eating  obesity

23

behavioural dets?

Tobacco smoking
• More likely
• Experiencing mental illness in youth  more likely
Alcohol misuse
• Problem drinks more likely, and vice versa
Drug misuse
• Higher rates of MI
• Drugs can alter chemical make up in the brain, which can trigger range of MI
Physical activity
• Produces endorphins  less likely

24

physica environment dets?

Natural disasters
o Increase MI
Housing
o Overcrowding  increased psychological distress
o Inadequate sleep/unsafe  anxiety and stress
Access to recreational facilities
o If not, no exercise
Noise pollution
o Ongoing  higher rates
Transport
o To stay in social contact/access employment/recreational facilities  distress

25

social dets?

Socioeconomic status
• Lower  higher rates of MI
• Affected by other SES dets
Social exclusion
o More likely
Employment
o Stress  depression
Unemployment
o May cause stress, for not being able to provide for them or fam.
Stress
o Prolonged  MI, as may not have coping skills
Early life experiences
• Loss of parent/divorce/adverse parenting styles  MI

26

health promotion program?

headspace

27

who?

funded by fed gov and ran by National Youth Mental Health Foundation

28

aim?

 Improve young people’s mental, social and emotional wellbeing through provision of high quality, integrated services when and where they are needed.

29

how?

 Headspace centres
• Provide services to youth, such as counselling, and psychologists, GPs, youth workers etc. at low or no cost.
• Metro, regional and rural
 Eheadspace: provides online and telephone sessions, 30-60 minutes each.
 In partnership with Leo Burnett Melbourne, they created a program called “reword” – which is like a spellcheck for damaging words (red line appears). Aimed to reduce cyberbullying.