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U3 HHD: Understanding Australia's Health > Body weight > Flashcards

Flashcards in Body weight Deck (9)
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1

How is body weight measured?

BMI and waist circumference

2

BMI formula?

(Weight kg)/[Height (m)]^2

3

Categories for BMI?

o Under 18.5 is underweight.
o 18.6-24.9 is healthy weight
o 25-29.9 is overweight
o Over 30 is obese.

4

Why is waist circumference better than BMI?

Shows fat distribution (especially around the waist) (also BMI doesn't show muscle distribution

5

Waist circumferences that increase risk of ill health?

o 88cm for females and 102cm for males

6

Difference between pear shaped and apple shaped?

Pear shaped = fat around buttocks and thighs
APple shaped = fat around abdomen

7

WHy is apple shaped more dangerous

Fat distributed around vital organs which can lead to a range of conditions

8

Body weight is caused by:

• Genetic predisposition
• Dietary behaviour – consuming more energy than what you use can lead to it.
• Lack of exercise (as above)

9

High body weight can lead to

• Obesity
• High blood pressure, cardiovascular disease and respiratory problems
• High blood cholesterol
• Impaired glucose regulation and type 2 diabetes
• Some cancers (eg. colorectal)
• Arthiritis
• Self esteem issues and depression
• Social exclusion