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U3 HHD: Understanding Australia's Health > Blood cholesterol > Flashcards

Flashcards in Blood cholesterol Deck (11)
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1

Define: cholesterol

type of fat produced in liver required for maintaining cell membranes and producing hormones

2

only present in...

animal products

3

hOW is blood cholesterol increased

• Intake of saturated fat and trans fats increases cholesterol levels even more than consuming cholesterol does.

4

what is good cholesterol?

HDL (high density lipoprotein)

5

what is bad cholesterol?

LDL (low density cholesterol(

6

What happens when you consume too much LDL?

bloodstream tends to be deposited on blood vessel walls. Deposits also cause other substances like calcium to become embedded. Overall, this can lead to atherosclerosis

7

Define: atherosclerosis

narrowing and hardening of arteries

8

how can blood cholesterol levels be checked?

blood test

9

how can bcl's be reduced?

lifestyle interventions and medication

10

Caused by?

• Obesity
• Excessive alcohol intake
• Smoking
• Lack of exercise
• High saturated fat and trans fat intake
• Age (increases) and metabolism

11

leads to?

atherosclerosis and cvd