Psychological Disorders Part 5 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Psychological Disorders Part 5 Deck (26)
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1

schizophrenia

a brain disease, that causes the person to experience significant breaks from reality, a lack of integration of thoughts and emotions, and problems with attention and memory

2

schizophrenia is derived from greek roots meaning what?

"split mind"

3

true or false: Schizophrenia is not a "split personalitY"

true

4

between __% and __% of the population will develop schizophrenia

between .4% and 1%

5

what are the 5 forms of schizophrenia?

1) paranoid schizophrenia
2) disorganized schizophrenia
3) catatonic schizophrenia
4) undifferentiated schizophrenia
5) residual schizophrenia

6

paranoid schizophrenia

symptoms include delusional beliefs that one is being followed, watched, persecuted

7

disorganized schizophrenia

symptoms include thoughts, speech, behaviour and emotion that are poorly integrated and incoherent

8

catatonic schizophrenia

Symptoms include episodes in which a person remains mute and immobile – sometimes in bizarre positions – for extended periods

9

Undifferentiated schizophrenia

This category includes individuals who show a combination of symptoms from more than one type of schizophrenia

10

residual schizophrenia

this category reflects individuals who some symptoms of schizophrenia but are either in transition to a full-blown episode or in remission

11

positive symptoms

the presence of maladaptive behaviours, such as confused and paranoid thinking, and inappropriate emotional reactions

12

hallucinations

alterations in perception, such that a person hears, sees, smells, feels, or tastes something that does not actually exist, except in that persons own mind

13

delusions

beliefs that are not based on reality

14

incoherent speech

"word salad"

15

disordered thinking

a deficit in utilizing "executive functions", such as attention, rule switching, forming associations or dealing with abstractions

16

true or false: schizophrenics have very high or very low rate of blinking

true

17

negative symptoms

the absence of adaptive behaviour, such as absent or flat emotional reactions, lack of interacting with others in a social setting and lack of motivation

18

4 negative symptoms

1) loss of motivation
2) emotional flatness - unresponsive facial expressions, poor eye contact, diminished emotionally
3) poverty of speech - brief, empty replies in conversation
4) social withdrawal

19

neurodevelopmental hypothesis

the adult manifestation of what we call "schizophrenia" is the outgrowth of disrupted neurological development early in the persons life

20

seasonlity effect

higher schizophrenia rates in people born during the winter months (flu season, thus affecting neuron migration)

21

weak correlations also exist with what 5 factors?

- maternal stress
- environmental toxins
- birth complications
- vitamin D deficiency
- living in a city

22

ventricles are ____ larges in schizophrenics

20-30%

23

antipsychotic drugs

medications used to treat symptoms of psychosis, including delusions, hallucinations and severely disturbed or disorganized thought

24

typical antipsychotics

medications such as thorozine and haladol that blocked dopamine receptors

25

tardive dyskinesia

a movement disorder involving involuntary movement and facial tics

26

atypical antipsychotics

newer antipsychotic drugs, such as clozapine, that target different types of dopamine receptors and have fewer side effects