Module 9.1 - Measuring Intelligence Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Module 9.1 - Measuring Intelligence Deck (39)
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1

what did sir francis galton believe?

that superior sensory abilities led to a superior understanding of the world

2

what did francis galton create?

17 sensory tests (similar to absolute thresholds)

3

anthropometrics

methods of measuring physical and mental variation in humans

4

alfred binet

french researcher who assumed that intelligence should more complex abilities such as attention, memory and comprehension

5

intelligence

the ability to think, understand and adapt to or overcome obstacles

6

binet-simon test

binet and theodore simon developed an intelligence test to identifty studnt who need specialized education using 30 tasks including defining words, making sentences out of specific words and reproducing drawings

7

mental age

the average intellecutal ability score for children of a specific age

8

stanford-binet test

an intelligence test intended to measure innate levels of intelligence

9

intelligence quotient (IQ)

IQ is calculated by taking a persons mental age, dividing it by his chronological age, and then multpipying it by 100

10

(MA/CA)*100 = ______

IQ score

11

what would all average childrens IQ score be? why?

100 because MA=CA

12

Wechsler Adult Intelligence scales (WAIS)

provides a full scale IQ score as well as 2 subscales

13

what are the 2 subscales of WAIS?

1) general ability index (GAI)
2) cognitive proficiency index (CPI)

14

general ability index (gai)

examines comprehension and reasoning without examining processing speed

15

cognitive proficiency index (cpi)

working memory and processing speed tasks. these abilities allow more cognitive resources to be directed toward reasoning

16

the average IQ score is ____ with a standard deviation of ____

100, 15

17

ravens progressive matrices

an intelligence test that is based on pictures, not words, thus making it relatively unaffected by language or cultural background

18

what did galton conclude?

that eminence ran in families, which he believed was due to "good breeding"

19

40% of immigrants were classified as what?

"feeble-minded"

20

eugenics

encouraging breeding between people with particular traits and discouraging breeding between those without these traits (e.g., people with low IQs)

21

true or false: some of early eugenicists meant well

true, forced sterilization meant that weaker characteristics would be "bred out" of the population

22

what became bad about eugenics?

tinged with racism (bad science, can lead to bad outcomes)

23

according to the bell curve by herrstein and murray, society consists of what 2 types of people?

cognitive elite and the less intelligent

24

true or false: herrstein and murray believed that those with low IQS should be helped by programs such as Had start, affirmative action programs or scholarships for members of visible minorities

FALSE: herrstein and murray believed that those with low IQS should not be helped by programs such as Had start, affirmative action programs or scholarships for members of visible minorities

25

true or false: herrstein and murray believed that the system should allow people with the most merit to rise to the top, even if they ended up disproportionately of certain cultural or ethnic backgrounds

true

26

what are 3 reasons why even unbiased tests often produced "race differences"

1) familiarity with standardized tests
2) motivation to do well on test
3) discomfort with formal testing environments

27

stereotype threat

when negative stereotypes about a group cause group members to under perform on ability tests

28

what 4 things are influenced by stereotype threat

1) sex differences
2) ethnic "minorities"
3) elderly
4) poor

29

how does stereotype threat increase arousal

because individuals are concerned that a poor performance may reflect poorly on their group

30

how does stereotype threat increase self-focused thoughts

leaves fewer cognitive resources for the test itself